April 2011
Volume 52, Issue 14
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   April 2011
Small Animal Laser-induced Focal Injury Model for Traumatic Optic Neuropathy
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Ryan A. McClure
    Ophthalmic Biophysics Center,
    Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
    Biomedical Optics and Laser Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Miami College of Engineering, Coral Gables, Florida
  • Ying Hu
    Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
  • Eleut Hernandez
    Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
  • William Lee
    Ophthalmic Biophysics Center,
    Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
  • Fabrice Manns
    Ophthalmic Biophysics Center,
    Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
    Biomedical Optics and Laser Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Miami College of Engineering, Coral Gables, Florida
  • John Guy
    Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
  • David Tse
    Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships  Ryan A. McClure, None; Ying Hu, None; Eleut Hernandez, None; William Lee, None; Fabrice Manns, None; John Guy, None; David Tse, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  Department of Defense award DAMD W81XWH-09-1-0675; NIH Center Grant P30EY14801; Research to Prevent Blindness; Q-LAS benevolently loaned by A.R.C. lasers
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science April 2011, Vol.52, 4673. doi:
  • Views
  • Share
  • Tools
    • Alerts
      ×
      This feature is available to authenticated users only.
      Sign In or Create an Account ×
    • Get Citation

      Ryan A. McClure, Ying Hu, Eleut Hernandez, William Lee, Fabrice Manns, John Guy, David Tse; Small Animal Laser-induced Focal Injury Model for Traumatic Optic Neuropathy. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(14):4673.

      Download citation file:


      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

      ×
  • Supplements
Abstract

Purpose: : To develop an in vivo mouse model for Traumatic Optic Neuropathy (TON) using ab externo laser-induced acoustic transients to produce focal optic nerve lesions.

Methods: : The optic nerve of four mice were surgically exposed and irradiated with a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser using two different delivery systems: 1) A custom-build free-space delivery system coupled to an operation microscope and 2) a commercial fiber-optic laser beam delivery system (Q-LAS, A.R.C. Laser, Nuremberg, Germany). The free-space system uses a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (8ns pulse duration, Brilliant 50, Quantel, Les Ulis, France) in combination with a green aiming beam. The Nd:YAG laser beam is focused in the focal plane of the operation microscope into a 50µm diameter spot to produce a direct photoacoustic effect on the optic nerve. The A.R.C Q-LAS delivers the treatment beam through a special contact fiber optic probe containing a titanium target. Irradiation of the titanium target produces an acoustic shockwave, which is transmitted to the optic nerve. The amplitude of the acoustic transients in water was measured using a custom-design calibration chamber containing an ultrasonic immersion transducer (V3194, 100MHz, Olympus, Waltham, MA, USA). After treatment the animals were euthanized and the optic nerve was dissected and prepared for histological analysis to assess laser-induced damage.

Results: : Both laser beam delivery systems produced controllable energy dependent acoustic transients in water. The Q-LAS produced no visible damage to the optic nerve during or after the treatment at the gross anatomical level. The free-space system produced visible damage at energies above 50mJ. At energies below visible damage threshold, histological analysis showed superficial damage to the target tissue limited to the dural sheath. No visible damage to the internal structures was observed.

Conclusions: : The study demonstrates the feasibility of controlled focal optic nerve injury using laser-induced acoustic transients. This method can serve as an alternate to crush injury models.

Keywords: optic nerve • trauma • laser 
×
×

This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

Sign in or purchase a subscription to access this content. ×

You must be signed into an individual account to use this feature.

×