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Danielle Martinet, Nathalie Besuchet, Leonidas Zografos, Alexandre P. Moulin; Prevalence of t(11;19)(q21;p13) Translocation in Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma of the Conjunctiva. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(14):4754.
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The genetics events occurring in the development of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the conjunctiva have not been extensively investigated. A t(11;19)(q21;p13) translocation has been reported in more than 50% of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the salivary glands. This translocation induces a chimeric MECT1-MAML2 protein that act as a transcription activation factor in CREB and Notch pathways. Sustained expression of MECT1-MALM2 in RKE3 cells was tumorigenic in a mouse model. The presence of this translocation has been correlated with a better prognosis in mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the salivary glands. The purpose of this study was to identify the presence or absence of this translocation in mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the conjunctiva.
We retrospectively reviewed all conjunctival mucoepidermoid carcinoma cases from the pathological files of Jules Gonin Eye Hospital from 1960-2010. The relevant clinico-pathological data was obtained. The presence of the t(11;19)(q21;p13) translocation was investigated by FISH using a dual color break apart probe. 100 nuclei were evaluated in each case. Normal conjunctiva was included as a control.
Material for FISH analysis was available in 9 patients (11 tumors). There were 2 females and 7 males. The mean age was years 71, 4 years old. Tumors were involving the bulbar conjunctiva in 6 cases and the tarsal conjunctiva in 5 cases. In a young patient of 30 years old, mucoepidermoid carcinoma was developed in the context of Xeroderma Pigmentosum. Hybridization could successfully be performed in 8 patients (9 tumors). No disruption of the dual color fusion signal was observed in all the cases, suggesting an absence of t(11;19)(q21;p13) translocation in mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the conjunctiva.
Although our study encompasses only a limited number of cases due to the rarity of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the conjunctiva, it demonstrates that a translocation commonly found in this tumor at other locations is not identified in the conjunctiva, suggesting that different mechanisms occur in the development of these tumors.
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