April 2011
Volume 52, Issue 14
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   April 2011
Hyperglycemia Induced Methylation Changes In Genes Of Ocular Renin Angiotensin System
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Amrisha Verma
    Ophthalmology,
    University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
  • Zhiying Shan
    Physiology & Functional Genomics,
    University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
  • Bo Lei
    Chongqing Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Chongqing Eye Institute, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China
  • Xuan Liu
    Ophthalmology,
    University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
  • Takahiko Nakagawa
    Division of Renal Disease and Hypertension, University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado
  • Maria B. Grant
    Pharmacology and Therapeutics,
    University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
  • William W. Hauswirth
    Ophthalmology,
    University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
  • Xun Xu
    Ophthalmology, Shanghai JiaoTong University, First People's Hospital, Shanghai, China
  • Mohan K. Raizada
    Physiology & Functional Genomics,
    University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
  • Qiuhong Li
    Ophthalmology,
    University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science April 2011, Vol.52, 5952. doi:
  • Views
  • Share
  • Tools
    • Alerts
      ×
      This feature is available to authenticated users only.
      Sign In or Create an Account ×
    • Get Citation

      Amrisha Verma, Zhiying Shan, Bo Lei, Xuan Liu, Takahiko Nakagawa, Maria B. Grant, William W. Hauswirth, Xun Xu, Mohan K. Raizada, Qiuhong Li; Hyperglycemia Induced Methylation Changes In Genes Of Ocular Renin Angiotensin System. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(14):5952.

      Download citation file:


      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

      ×
  • Supplements
Abstract

Purpose: : Hyperactivity of circulating and tissue renin angiotensin system (RAS) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy. We have found that the ACE and AT1R genes are highly elevated earlier in diabetic retinas and this elevation is sustained during the progression of diabetic retinopathy. Since emerging evidence indicates that the methylation status of the promoter regions of the ACE and AT1R genes plays an important role in the regulation of the vasodeleterious axis of the RAS, we aimed to test the hypothesis that hypomethylation of the promoter regions of the ACE and AT1R genes is responsible for the sustained imbalance in the vasoprotective/vasodeleterious axis of the ocular RAS in the diabetic retina.

Methods: : A detailed analysis of CpG island sequence in the upstream regions of mouse AT1R and ACE genes was conducted using web-based tool. Genomic DNA was isolated from retinas at 2 month after STZ-induced diabetes, as well as age-matched controls. The methylation status of these regions was examined by bisulfite-based genomic modification followed by combined bisulfite restriction analysis (COBRA) and direct sequencing to map the methylation sites.

Results: : Several clusters of CpG islands in the proximal promoter, the upstream of the transcriptional start sites, as well as the first exon, were found in the mouse ACE and AT1Ra genes. The COBRA clearly revealed reduced methylation in these regions in samples isolated from diabetic retina as compared to control retinas.

Conclusions: : The promoter regions of ACE and AT1Ra genes are hypomethylated in the retina in response to the hyperglycemic condition. This hypomethylation of these genes may be responsible for the sustained elevation of their expression during the progression of diabetes, and may contribute to the development and progression of diabetic retinopathy.

Keywords: diabetic retinopathy • retina • diabetes 
×
×

This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

Sign in or purchase a subscription to access this content. ×

You must be signed into an individual account to use this feature.

×