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Asem Alqudah, Steven Mansberger, Stuart K. Gardiner, Cindy Blachly, Shaban Demirel; The Association Between Quality Of Life And Visual Field Status In Glaucoma Patients. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(14):5521.
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To determine the relationship between visual field results and vision related quality of life measured by the 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ-25).
The NEI-VFQ-25 was administered to glaucoma and glaucoma suspect patients on the same day as an ocular examination. We used univariate and multivariate regression models to determine whether the NEI-VFQ-25 composite and subscale scores were associated with visual field testing, visual acuity, and demographic factors. We used the best visual acuity and visual field global indices between the eyes for analysis.
We reported results from 153 participants, which included 59% females with mean age of 65.6 years. Most participants (151/153) had visual field mean deviation (MD) better than -8.0 dB in the best eye. The mean composite score was 91.2 +/- 2.2. We found a significant association between composite score and MD (p=0.03), but no significant association with pattern standard deviation (p=0.30), age (p=0.69), visual acuity (p=0.56), or gender (p=0.13). MD was associated with the subscales of General Vision (p=0.04), Driving (p=0.01), and Peripheral Vision (p=0.001), but was not associated with the other subscales.
Visual field results show a significant association with vision related quality of life even in early glaucoma. Quality of life related to general vision, driving, and peripheral vision were most affected.
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