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Byeng-Chul Yu, Sang-Joon Lee, Su-Young Kim, Yeong-Nam Retina Research Group; Clinical Features of Endophthalmitis in Southeast Korea(2004-2010) : Multicenter Study. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(14):5589.
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To estimate the clinical features and the related factors of endophthalmitis in Southeast area of Korea from 2004 to 2010.
This retrospective study was conducted with serial cross-sectional data based on medical records of 7 medical centers in Southeast Korea from January 2004 to July 2010. The study subjects were patients diagnosed and treated endophthalmitis. The collected data for endophthalmitis cocsisted of gender, involved site, age, cause of infection, onset duration, visual acuity of pre and post-treatment, types of treatment, result of microbiological study. Data was analyzed with descriptive analysis, chi square test, t-test and ANOVA using SPSS for win (12.0) program.
The collected cases were 198 eyes(male 98 eyes, female 100 eyes) . The major etiology of endophthalmitis were complication of cataract operation(60.6%), trauma(15.2%). Positive microbiological result rate was 73.4%(116 eyes) and positive microbiological specimens were vitreous(54.7%) and aqueous humor(40.0%). Most common type of bacteria were S.epidermidis(10.6%) and E.faecalis(10.6%). Duration of first treatment for endophthalmitis was 59.5 hours. Type of treatment were vitrectomy with antibiotics injection into vitreous(62.1%) and antibiotics injection into vitreous(14.6%).
Most of the clinical features of endophthalmitis in Southeast area of Korea from 2004 to 2010 were similar with previous studies. But vitrectomy rate and systemic antibiotics treatment rate were higher than other studies. Further and continuous studies are needed to provide more effective prevention and treatment for endophthalmitis patients.
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