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F. L. Munier, H. Abouzeid, M. A. Youssef, N. ElShakankiri, P. Hauser, D. F. Schorderet; PAX6 Mutations In Egyptian Families With Aniridia. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2009;50(13):4109.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To report the clinical and genetic study of 3 families of Egyptian origin with autosomal dominant aniridia.
Ten patients with aniridia from 3 families of Egyptian origin underwent full ophthalmologic, general and neurological examination, and blood drawing. Cerebral MRI was performed in the index case of each family. Genomic DNA was prepared from venous leukocytes and direct sequencing of all the exons and intron-exon junctions of the PAX6 gene was performed after PCR amplification.
Common features observed in the three families included absence of iris tissue, corneal pannus with different degrees of severity and foveal hypoplasia with severely reduced visual acuity. In families 2 and 3, additional findings such as lens dislocation, lens opacities or polar cataract and glaucoma were observed. We identified two novel (c.170-174delTGGGC [p.L57fs17] and c.475delC [p.R159fs47]) and one known (c.718C>T) PAX6 mutations in the affected members of the 3 families. Systemic and neurological examination was normal in all ten affected patients. Cerebral MRI showed absence of the pineal gland in all three index patients. Severe hypoplasia of the brain anterior commissure was associated to the p.L57fs17mutation, absence of the posterior commissure to both p.R159fs47 and p.R240X, and optic chiasma atrophy and almost complete agenesis of the corpus callosum to p.R240X.
We identified two novel PAX6 mutations in families with severe aniridia from Northern Egypt, an ethnic group which is not well studied. In addition to common phenotype of aniridia and despite normal neurological examination, absence of the pineal gland was observed in all 3 index patients. The heterogeneity of brain anomalies related to PAX6 mutations is underexplored and is highlighted in this study.
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