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F. Campagna, B. Falsini, G. Carnovale Scalzo, V. Scorcia, G. Scorcia, C. Russo, M. Rechichi, A. Paola, G. Scorcia, D. Bruzzichessi; Naso-Temporal Asymmetry of Retinal Function in Children With Strabismic Amblyopia. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2009;50(13):4702.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Previous studies¹ have shown naso-temporal asymmetry of spatial interaction in strabismic amblyopia. The aim of this study was to compare naso-temporal hemiretinal function with pattern electroretinogram (PERG) in children with strabismic amblyopia.
Ten children with a diagnosis of strabismic amblyopia (3 males, 7 females, mean age: 6 ± 1 years), with a visual acuity of 0.4-0.7 in the amblyopic and of 1.0 Snellen units in the fellow eye were analyzed. All patients had convergent strabismus ≥ 10 prismatic dioptres (D). All children were hyperopic and four were astigmatic > 1.5 D. Pattern electroretinogram (PERG) was recorded in response to transient stimuli generated on a 19" TV monitor (temporal frequency 2 Hz, check size 30’), presented to the central retinal region (22 x 22 degrees) and to nasal and temporal hemiretinal fields. Analysis was according to ISCEV guidelines.
In the amblyopic eyes, the central PERG was significantly reduced in mean amplitude (p < 0.01) compared to the fellow eyes. However, nasal hemiretinal amplitude losses were significantly greater than corresponding temporal losses ( - 23.2 ± 4 % versus - 4.5 ± 5.6 %, p < 0.01).
Strabismic amblyopia shows a retinal dysfunction characterized by a naso-temporal asymmetry, suggesting a retinal genesis of the reduction of nasal hemiretinal input to the visual cortex.
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