April 2010
Volume 51, Issue 13
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   April 2010
Association of Outer Retinal Layer Morphology With Visual Acuity in Patients With Macular Edema Secondary to Retinal Vein Occlusion - A SCORE Study Ancillary Study
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • A. Domalpally
    Ophthalmology, Fundus Photograph Reading Center, Madison, Wisconsin
  • Q. Peng
    Ophthalmology, Fundus Photograph Reading Center, Madison, Wisconsin
  • R. P. Danis
    Ophthalmology, Fundus Photograph Reading Center, Madison, Wisconsin
  • B. A. Blodi
    Ophthalmology, Fundus Photograph Reading Center, Madison, Wisconsin
  • I. U. Scott
    Departments of Ophthalmology and Public Health Sciences, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania
  • M. S. Ip
    Ophthalmology, Fundus Photograph Reading Center, Madison, Wisconsin
  • SCORE Study Research Group
    Ophthalmology, Fundus Photograph Reading Center, Madison, Wisconsin
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships  A. Domalpally, None; Q. Peng, None; R.P. Danis, None; B.A. Blodi, None; I.U. Scott, None; M.S. Ip, None.
  • Footnotes
    Support  in part by an unrestricted grant from Research to Prevent Blindness
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science April 2010, Vol.51, 276. doi:
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      A. Domalpally, Q. Peng, R. P. Danis, B. A. Blodi, I. U. Scott, M. S. Ip, SCORE Study Research Group; Association of Outer Retinal Layer Morphology With Visual Acuity in Patients With Macular Edema Secondary to Retinal Vein Occlusion - A SCORE Study Ancillary Study. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(13):276.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose: : To evaluate the relationship between outer retinal morphology assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and visual acuity (VA) in patients with macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion.

Methods: : High resolution cross hair scans captured with time domain OCT (Stratus) (512 A-scans per B-scan) available from the SCORE Study image database of a single site were evaluated for outer retinal morphology features at baseline and months 4, 8, and 12. The integrity of the inner segment outer segment junction (IS-OS) was assessed on a 3 step scale: absent, questionable, and present. Photoreceptor length was measured from the outer plexiform layer to the retinal pigment epithelium using software calipers. Best corrected ETDRS VA was available for all participants.

Results: : OCT scans of 36 eyes were evaluated for outer retinal morphology. There was no difference in VA in eyes with absent (n= 26) or abnormal (n= 10) IS-OS at baseline (51.8 vs. 55.7 p = 0.46). Baseline center point thickness (CPT) was significantly different between these groups with a mean of 657 µ in eyes with absent IS-OS and 469 µ in eyes with abnormal IS-OS (p = 0.02). At month 12, the IS-OS was absent in 13, abnormal in 12 and normal in 11 eyes. Mean VA was 37.2, 52.3 and 72.6, respectively (p<0.001). CPT was also significantly different among eyes with varying IS-OS integrity (p=0.04). Among eyes that improved in IS-OS status (n=17) from baseline to month 12, the mean change in VA was +6.4 letters with 7 (41%) eyes gaining ≥ 15 letters. Among eyes that showed no change in IS-OS status (n=18) between baseline and month 12, the mean change in VA was - 5.9 letters with only 3 (16%) eyes gaining ≥ 15 letters. The results were similar when analyzed separately for central and branch retinal vein occlusion subgroups.

Conclusions: : The integrity of the IS-OS can be interpreted from high resolution cross hair scans from time domain OCT. Status of IS-OS correlates with VA at follow up, and change in IS-OS status correlates with change in VA, in eyes with retinal vein occlusion enrolled in the SCORE Study.

Clinical Trial: : www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT00105027

Keywords: imaging/image analysis: clinical • imaging methods (CT, FA, ICG, MRI, OCT, RTA, SLO, ultrasound) • vascular occlusion/vascular occlusive disease 
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