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H. V. Tran, M. C. Gaillard, A. Balmer, F. L. Munier; Late Onset Cystoid Macular Oedema Following Surgery for Radiation Induced Cataract in Patient With Retinoblastoma. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(13):2076.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Cystoid macular oedema (CMO) is a very rare condition following cataract surgery in paediatric population. Nevertheless, we report a case series of patients with radiation induced cataract after retinoblastoma (Rb) treatment that underwent cataract surgery and developed subsequently late onset CMO.
Between January 1984 and December 2009, 25 consecutive eyes (25 patients) with Rb presented with radiation induced cataract surgery at the Jules Gonin Eye Hospital. Sixteen eyes (16 patients) had prior radiation induced retinopathy and maculopathy (IRM). Out of these, 3 eyes (3 patients) developed CMO after cataract surgery.
One eye had Rb stage B, and 2 eyes had stage D International classification. All of them developed IRM following brachytherapy and/or external beam irradiation. Patients underwent phako-aspiration and in bag intraocular lens implantation after IRM had resolved. Mean age at cataract surgery was 10.7 ± 2.8 (SEM) (range 5-14) years old. Mean time between resolution of IRM and cataract surgery was 76.0 ± 27.2 (SEM) (range 24-116) months. Mean time of onset CMO after cataract surgery was 81.0 ± 34.4 (SEM) (range 13-124) months. There was no other underlying vascular or tractional factor for CMO development. All of them were treated with a combination of oral carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, topical steroid and topical non-steroid. Mean macular thickness pre-, during-, and post CMO were 134.0 ± 10.3, 298.0 ± 37.1, and 154.0 ± 4.0 (SEM) µm, respectively. Mean best corrected visual acuity pre-, during-, and post CMO were 0.31 ± 0.19, 0.46 ± 0.12, and 0.34 ± 0.18 (SEM) LogMAR, respectively. Mean time for CMO reabsorption was 17.0 ± 9.8 (SEM) months.
To the best of our knowledge, CMO following paediatric cataract surgery is a very uncommon condition. Moreover, late onset CMO after phako-aspiration for radiation induced cataract in Rb patients has never been described. It is a rare complication but can be treated successfully.
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