Purchase this article with an account.
D. T. Organisciak, R. M. Darrow, L. S. Barsalou, J. C. Lang; Measuring Antioxidant Protection in a Rat Model of Light Induced Retinal Damage. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(13):2259.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Antioxidants are known to reduce the extent of light-induced retinal degeneration in animal models, but comparing effectiveness is difficult. We treated rats with a variety of natural or synthetic antioxidants, at various concentrations, to determine their relative efficacy in preventing retinal light damage.
Sprague-Dawley rats were reared in darkness for 40 days and then treated with intense green light (490-580nm; 1200 lux) for 4 hrs, beginning at 9:30 am. One hr before light, rats were treated (1X IP) with: ascorbic acid, α-tocopherol, various forms of rosemary from the plant Rosmarinus officinalis or dimethylthiourea (DMTU). Some rats were given rosemary 1 hr after the start of light. Following light treatment, rats were returned to darkness for 14 days. Photoreceptor cell loss was then determined by measuring rhodopsin and retinal DNA in light exposed and unexposed rats. For each dose of antioxidant, protective efficacy was calculated from the average recovery of rhodopsin and DNA in experimental vs.control animals. The effects of light and antioxidants on protein markers of oxidative stress, retinal heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and carboxyethylpyrrole (CEP) lipid-protein adducts, were determined by Western analysis.
The concentration of antioxidant required to achieve 50% efficacy in light damage was 250 and 200 mg/kg body weight for ascorbic acid and DMTU. Rosemary, in an oil extract or powder form, provided the same level of protection with 2-10 fold lower doses, α-tocopherol was ineffective. The active fractions of rosemary were 5-10% by weight, respectively, and it was most effective when given before light onset. In retinal extracts, rosemary and DMTU reduced the levels of immunoreactive HO-1 and CEP.
Comparisons of antioxidant efficacy, based on rhodopsin and DNA recovery, provide a direct index of protection against light-induced retinal damage. Rosemary is more effective than other natural or synthetic antioxidants in preventing retinal light damage and appears to do so by reducing oxidative stress during light exposure.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only