April 2010
Volume 51, Issue 13
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   April 2010
Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Multicentric Study
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • R. M. Torres
    Ocular Surface & Immunology, Centro de Ojos Dr. Lódolo, Paraná, Entre Rios, Argentina
    OCULAB, Madrid, Spain
  • B. Yanez
    Ophthalmology, Dos De Mayo Hospital, Lima, Peru
  • R. Méndez-Fernández
    Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain
  • C. Rodríguez
    Clínica Oftalmológica Gran Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Gran Canaria, Spain
  • J. L. Trédicce
    Centro Médico Lomas de San Isidro, San Isidro, Prov. de Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • M. Yappert
    Consultorio de Ojos Dr. Martín Yappert, General Roca, Río Negro, Argentina
  • M. Flores
    Hospital Gobernador Centeno, General Pico, La Pampa, Argentina
  • P. Vieyra
    Centro Oftalmológico Dr. Pablo Vieyra, Paraná, Entre Rios, Argentina
    Asociación Entrerriana de Oftalmología, Paraná, Entre Ríos, Argentina
  • J. Maldacena
    Asociación Entrerriana de Oftalmología, Paraná, Entre Ríos, Argentina
    Centro de Ojos Paraná, Paraná, Entre Rios, Argentina
  • Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Study Group
    Ocular Surface & Immunology, Centro de Ojos Dr. Lódolo, Paraná, Entre Rios, Argentina
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships  R.M. Torres, None; B. Yanez, None; R. Méndez-Fernández, None; C. Rodríguez, None; J.L. Trédicce, None; M. Yappert, None; M. Flores, None; P. Vieyra, None; J. Maldacena, None.
  • Footnotes
    Support  None.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science April 2010, Vol.51, 2383. doi:
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    • Get Citation

      R. M. Torres, B. Yanez, R. Méndez-Fernández, C. Rodríguez, J. L. Trédicce, M. Yappert, M. Flores, P. Vieyra, J. Maldacena, Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Study Group; Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Multicentric Study. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(13):2383.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Purpose: : to evaluate subconjunctival hemorrhage (SH) systemic factor association, clinical characteristics and its therapeutic management.

Methods: : a prospective, observational, multicentric clinical study, was performed in 2 visits (0 and two weeks after) during 4 months (from june to september 2009), in 10 centers from Peru, Spain and Argentine. Demographic and lifestyle data (age, sex, work activity "indoor/outdoor"; weekly physical activity, body mass index "BMI"), general & ocular history, SH clinical manifestation & treatment were assessed.

Results: : 195 cases (men: 52.8%; women: 47.2%) were studied. Mean age: 55 years old. Work activity: 57% indoor job (office), 14% outdoor job and 29 % mixed conditions. Exercise: nothing 64%; 3 times a week 28%, more than that 8%. BMI: <18.5(underweight): 1.5%; 18.5-24.9 (normal): 42.5%; 25-29.9 (overweight): 43.6%; >30 (obesity): 12.3%. General history: blood hypertension 41.3%; diabetes 10%; hyperlipidemic 9.4%. Psychical stress previous to the SH: 43.5%; physical stress previous to the SH: 12%.Patients were noticed about SH in the morning (68.2%), at night (12.8%) during the day (18%); when they've looked at the mirrow (48%) or because other person told him 40.8% and only 10.5% have got symptoms. Clinically, the more frecuent location was at nasal (25.6%) or temporal inferior areas (19.3%). At visit 2, ocular sign of SH still was present in 20% of cases.Management: no treatment was indicated in 44.6%; artificial tears: 33.8%; saline solution: 14.3%; anti-inflammatory topical drugs (steroidal plus non-steroidal): 5%; another 2.3%.

Conclusions: : SH were more frequent in sedentary lifestyle group, with previous psychical stress situations. Patients noticed about it in the morning, without symptoms and most of the cases resolved in two weeks.

Keywords: conjunctiva • clinical (human) or epidemiologic studies: risk factor assessment • cornea: tears/tear film/dry eye 

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