April 2010
Volume 51, Issue 13
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   April 2010
Barrier to Eye Care for Patients With Diabetes in the Greater New Haven Area
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Q. Zheng
    Ophthalmology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut
  • R. A. Adelman
    Ophthal & Visual Science, Yale Univ Sch of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships  Q. Zheng, None; R.A. Adelman, None.
  • Footnotes
    Support  Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, Leir Foundation, Newman’s Own Foundation, Research to Prevent Blindness
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science April 2010, Vol.51, 3544. doi:
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      Q. Zheng, R. A. Adelman; Barrier to Eye Care for Patients With Diabetes in the Greater New Haven Area. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(13):3544.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Purpose: : To identify the perceived barriers to eye care and to evaluate concerns about vision and eye care among patients with diabetes in the greater New Haven area.

Methods: : A qualitative study applying one-on-one semi-structured interviews and non-participatory observations was conducted to identify the factors that deter diabetics from seeking eye care. Patients were recruited at the Yale Primary Care Center, Diabetes Center and Eye Center, who met the following criteria: 1) have been diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes 2) have been referred to an eye center for dilated eye exam and/or treatment. All interviews and discussions were recorded and transcribed. The transcripts were then analyzed to detect recurrent themes. Data collection continued until no new themes emerged.

Results: : Lack of awareness and lack of adequate referral to regular diabetic eye exam were viewed as the most common barriers. Many patients had limited awareness that diabetes could affect the eye or lead to blindness. Patients had little knowledge of diabetic retinopathy, or the significance of early screening and intervention. Primary care providers usually emphasized on diet and blood sugar control to prevent future complications; diabetic eye care education was not usually prioritized. Other barriers include cost, lack of insurance, immobility due to diabetic complications, reluctance to receive medical intervention, and distrust of the services. A strong family history of diabetes and blindness due to diabetes contributed to the awareness of diabetic retinopathy, and as a result motivated patients to seek regular eye care.

Conclusions: : Raising the awareness of diabetic retinopathy and the risk of vision loss, offering more diabetic eye care education, tracking the status of patients’ eye exam attendance, and providing adequate eye exam referral to a patient friendly eye clinic may encourage diabetics to attend regular eye exams. CR: None.

Keywords: clinical (human) or epidemiologic studies: health care delivery/economics/manpower • diabetes • diabetic retinopathy 

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