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P. Escher, D. Von Alpen, N. Voirol, T. Favez, R. Roduit, D. Schorderet; Transcriptional Activation and Receptor Dimerization is Affected by Mutations in the NR2E3 Ligand-Binding Domain. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(13):4077.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Mutations in the ligand-binding domain (LBD) of NR2E3 cause recessively inherited enhanced short wavelength sensitive (S-) cone syndrome (ESCS), Goldmann-Favre syndrome (GFS) and clumped pigmentary retinal degeneration (CPRD). In addition to ligand binding, the LBD contains also essential amino acid sequences for the oligomerization of nuclear receptors. The aim of our studies is to characterize the impact of mutations in the LBD on receptor oligomerization and transcriptional activity of NR2E3.
The different NR2E3 mutants were generated by QuickChange mutagenesis and analyzed in 293T-based transactivation studies and BRET2 (bioluminescence resonance electron transfer) assays. In silico homology modeling of mutant proteins was also performed using available crystallographic data of related nuclear receptors.
The mutants p.W234S, p.A256V, p.A256E, p.L263P, p.R309G, p.R311Q, p.R334G, p.L336P, p.L353V, p.R385P and p.M407K, all located in the LBD, showed impaired receptor dimerization at various degrees. Impaired repressor dimerization as assessed by BRET2 assays did not always correlate with impaired repressor function of NR2E3 as assessed by cell-based reporter assays. There were minor differences of transcriptional activity of mutant proteins on mouse S-opsin (opn1sw), mouse cone arrestin (arr3) and human cone arrestin, suggesting that the effect of LBD mutations was independent of the promoter context.
Mutational analysis and homology modeling allowed the characterization of potential oligomerization interfaces of the NR2E3 LBD. Additionally, mutations in NR2E3 LBD may cause recessive retinal degenerations by different molecular mechanisms.
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