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C. Cortes Alcocer, V. Franco-Cardenas, S. I. Aguilar-Caso, H. Quiroz-Mercado, V. Morales-Canton; SD-Optical Coherence Tomography Analysis of Macular Architecture, Thickness and Volume in Patients With Strabic and Anisometropic Amblyopia. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(13):4350.
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To compare the macular volume and macular thickness between eyes with strabic or anisometropic amblyopia with the fellow healty eye.
Descriptive, cross-sectional study. We included consecutive patients with clinical diagnosis of strabic or anisometropic amblyopia. All patients underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination and best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) assessment with protocol Snellen chart refraction. Macular architecture, macular volume (MV) and macular thickness (MT) were assessed by means of a spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Statistical analysis was done with none-parametric statistics with the Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon U Test.
Ten patients (20 eyes), with a mean age of 7.7±2.6 years (4 males, 6 females) were included in the study. The mean MT for amblyopic eyes was 283.5±13.89µm and in the fellow eye 279.7±5.49µ. The mean MV for amblyopic eyes was 10.21±0.47mm3 and in the fellow eye: 10.06±0.18mm3. The difference between both groups was not significant. With a P> 0.2 for the MT and P=0.15 for the MV.
Strabic or anisometropic amblyopia does not produce changes in retinal architecture, macular volume or macular thickness.
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