April 2010
Volume 51, Issue 13
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   April 2010
Habits of Retina Specialists in Performing Intravitreal Injections
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • R. M. Patel
    Ophthalmology, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York
  • A. Pani
    Ophthalmology, Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center, Bronx, New York
  • B. Freund
    Vitreous-Retina-Macula Consultants of New York, Manhattan, New York
  • J. Levine
    Ophthalmology, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships  R.M. Patel, None; A. Pani, None; B. Freund, None; J. Levine, None.
  • Footnotes
    Support  None.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science April 2010, Vol.51, 5128. doi:
  • Views
  • Share
  • Tools
    • Alerts
      This feature is available to authenticated users only.
      Sign In or Create an Account ×
    • Get Citation

      R. M. Patel, A. Pani, B. Freund, J. Levine; Habits of Retina Specialists in Performing Intravitreal Injections. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(13):5128.

      Download citation file:

      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

  • Supplements

To determine the practices of retina specialists performing intravitreal injections.


A questionnaire addressing the various aspects of pre-injection, injection, and post-injection care was distributed to retina specialists attending the Wills Eye Institute Retina Club meeting on 11/14/2009 and to those known to us in the New York area by postal mail or email. The collected data was compiled anonymously and statistically analyzed.


Forty-one questionnaires were completed. Please see tables for results:


Given 29.2% of surgeons had patients suffer from endophthalmitis after an intravitreal injection, it is ideal to have one standardized protocol to minimize such complications.As shown in the data, some believe the use of topical antibiotics days before will decrease bacterial counts of the ocular flora. Others avoid this pre-treatment as many believe this may select out antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria increasing the possibility of endophthalmitis. 58.5% perform betadine lid scrubs prior to injection and 43.9% use sterile gloves indicating there is no agreement on whether these measures actually decreases infection rates.Variability in the use of viscous anesthetics reflects a belief that while it may increase patient comfort, it may also prevent the efficacy of the betadine prep, prevent adequate intraocular penetration of a topical antibiotic, or even harbor bacteria in itself.The data set reveals the varying schools of thought on how intravitreal injections should be performed. Given the increasing rate of injections being performed today, it would be of great benefit to have a consensus on the appropriate techniques for this procedure to keep complication rates to a minimum.  

Keywords: injection • vitreoretinal surgery • retina 

This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

Sign in or purchase a subscription to access this content. ×

You must be signed into an individual account to use this feature.