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C. E. Traverso, R. Rosa, F. Allavena, R. Scotto, G. Corallo; The Level of Awareness About Refractive Surgery in Candidate Patients Not Yet Exposed to the Informed Consent. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(13):5370.
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to describe the type and accuracy of information refractive surgery patients have before being exposed to the informed consent procedures, and to investigate their level of instruction, occupation, motivations and expectations.
a sample of 200 consecutive refractive surgery candidate patients attending our outpatient department were asked to fill a standardized questionnaire before receiving any type of information by our staff.
33% of patients were referred by an ophthalmologist, 28% had their first exposure through the media, and 39% were informed by friends; 67% decided by themselves to make an appointment and to be evaluated for surgery , 5.5% were stimulated by friends and 27,5 % by other sources, including the internet. Only 5,6% declared to be interested in refractive surgery for cosmetic reasons and 94.4% for functional reasons. The vast majority (87%) had very little information on the risks of refractive surgery and most expected perfect results (72%).
previous studies have described the profile and motivations of patients undergoing refractive surgery. Our study is addressing specifically at the level and type of information patients had before being exposed to our informed consent procedure.Our data support the need for a thorough information process by the refractive surgery team since the baseline information of patients appeared fairly inadequate. Expectations about refractive surgery are often optimistic and the risks are underestimated.
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