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C. Miyamoto, E. N. Martins; Soccer-Related Ocular Trauma: 12 Year Data From an Ophthalmologic Center in Brazil. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(13):5381.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To evaluate soccer-related ocular injuries attended in an emergency unit of a tertiary ophthalmic center.
Retrospective study. Medical charts of patients seen at the Ophthalmic Emergency Room, Department of Ophthalmology, Federal University of São Paulo from Jul/1997 to Oct/2009 were reviewed. Data on visual acuity, age, mechanism of trauma and ophthalmologic alterations were collected.
204 patients were identified. Most patients were male (96.8%). Median age was 27 years (range 9 to 81 years). Thirty-two (16.7%) were under the age of 18 (median = 13 years) and 4 (1.96%) were 60 years or older (median = 76 years), who were spectators. The median age of adult patients was 28 years (range 18 to 56 years). Initial visual acuity varied from hand motion to 20/20 (median = 20/25). The right eye was affected in 51.47% of cases, and in 1.96% both eyes were injured. Most patients (73.53%) presented alterations in the anterior segment and in 80 (41.7%) lesions were detected in the posterior segment. Soccer ball was directly involved in the trauma in 87.5% of the cases.
The results indicate that soccer-related ocular trauma is often severe and ophthalmologic evaluation should be warranted to these patients. All victims must be evaluated to promptly detect and manage potential injuries. The data corroborates the value of protective eyewear designed specifically for soccer. It is also recommended that spectators of this sport protect themselves.
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