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I. Kreissig, T. Libondi, L. Golubkina, U. H. Spandau, F. Schlichtenbrede, F. Rensch, J. B. Jonas; Combined Intravitreal Bevacizumab and Triamcinolone for Exudative Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2008;49(13):561. doi: https://doi.org/.
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To report on the combined application of intravitreal bevacizumab and triamcinolone acetonide as treatment for exudative age-related macular degeneration.
Clinical interventional case-series includes 14 patients (14 eyes) with exudative age-related macular degeneration who had previously received 3.7 ± 1.9 mono-injections of bevacizumab (1.5 mg) without improvement of visual acuity or reduction of macular exudation. All patients underwent a combined intravitreal injection of bevacizumab (1.5 mg) and triamcinolone acetonide (about 20 mg). Main outcome measures were: visual acuity and macular thickness as determined by optical coherence tomography. All patients were re-examined at 2 to 3 months after the intervention.
Visual acuity improved significantly (P=0.008) from 0.81±0.43 logMAR prior to the combined injection to 0.67±0.41 log MAR. An improvement of at least 1 Snellen line was found in 10 (71%) patients, an increase of at least 2 lines in 5 (36%) patients, and an improvement of 3 or more lines in 1 (7%) patient. One patient (7%) lost 1 line. The central retinal thickness decreased significantly from 255 ± 59 µm to 224 ± 45 µm (P=0.03).
The combined intravitreal application of bevacizumab and triamcinolone might be favourable in the treatment of exudative age-related macular degeneration, if preceding intravitreal bevacizumab mono-injections failed to improve visual acuity and reduce macular edema.
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