May 2008
Volume 49, Issue 13
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   May 2008
Trachoma Survey as an Opportunity to Prevent Blindness Due to Others Causes in Bauru - São Paulo State, Brasil
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • L. C. Ferraz
    OFT, Hospital Estadual Bauru UNESP, Bauru, Brazil
  • S. A. Schellini
    Oft/orl/ccp,
    Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Botucatu, Brazil
  • N. H. Medina
    Centro de Vigilancia Epidemiologica, Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • C. A. Macharelli
    Diretoria Regional de Saude, Secretaria de Estado da Saude de Sao Paulo, Bauru, Brazil
  • R. C. Padovani
    Estatistica do Instituto de Biociencias da Unesp,
    Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Botucatu, Brazil
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships  L.C. Ferraz, None; S.A. Schellini, None; N.H. Medina, None; C.A. Macharelli, None; R.C. Padovani, None.
  • Footnotes
    Support  None.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science May 2008, Vol.49, 1455. doi:https://doi.org/
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      L. C. Ferraz, S. A. Schellini, N. H. Medina, C. A. Macharelli, R. C. Padovani; Trachoma Survey as an Opportunity to Prevent Blindness Due to Others Causes in Bauru - São Paulo State, Brasil. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2008;49(13):1455. doi: https://doi.org/.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose: : To evaluate the visual acuity and others ocular diseases of the schoolchildren during the survey of trachoma in Bauru

Methods: : one thousand seven hundred and forty nine children were examined, ageing between 6-12 years old. The trachoma diagnosis was according to the World Health Organization protocol. Patients with clinical follicular trachoma had laboratory confirmation by fluorescent antibodies cytology for Chlamydia trachomatis and were treated using Azytromicin. Visual acuity according to Snellen chart was done in all children. Complete ophthalmic evaluation was provided to children presenting visual acuity under 20/30, including retinoscopy, objective and subjective refraction, direct ophthalmoscopy and biomicroscopy.

Results: : Visual acuity according Snellen chart was under 20/30 in 5,2% of children and some of them never had a complete ophthalmologic exam before and astigmatism was present in 27,4% of these children. Other diseases not related to trachoma were detected beyond the refractive errors as strabismus (0,68%), microphthalmia (0,05%), allergic conjunctivitis (0,17%), congenital ptosis (0,05%) an congenital dacryostenosis (0,05%).

Conclusions: : the authors point out the necessity to have complete ophthalmic evaluation during Trachoma survey whereas this is an opportunity to treat other important blindness causes.

Keywords: trachoma • visual acuity • astigmatism 
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