May 2008
Volume 49, Issue 13
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   May 2008
Leber Congenital Amaurosis (LCA) Patients With Possible Mutations in Two Ciliary Genes: CEP290 and RPGRIP1. Does Oligogenic Inheritance Exist in LCA?
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • R. K. Koenekoop
    McGill Ocular Genetics Ctr/Pediatric Ophthalmology, McGill Univ Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  • G. A. Fishman
    Ophthalmology, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois
  • L. Bou-Khzam
    McGill Ocular Genetics Ctr/Pediatric Ophthalmology, McGill Univ Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  • F. Al-Wadaani
    McGill Ocular Genetics Ctr/Pediatric Ophthalmology, McGill Univ Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  • M. Musarella
    Ophthalmology, SUNY, NY, New York
  • I. Maumenee
    Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
  • R. Roepman
    Human Genetics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • I. Lopez
    McGill Ocular Genetics Ctr/Pediatric Ophthalmology, McGill Univ Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  • A. den Hollander
    Human Genetics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships  R.K. Koenekoop, None; G.A. Fishman, None; L. Bou-Khzam, None; F. Al-Wadaani, None; M. Musarella, None; I. Maumenee, None; R. Roepman, None; I. Lopez, None; A. den Hollander, None.
  • Footnotes
    Support  FFB Canada, FRSQ, Grant Healthcare Foundation, FFB USA
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science May 2008, Vol.49, 1686. doi:https://doi.org/
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      R. K. Koenekoop, G. A. Fishman, L. Bou-Khzam, F. Al-Wadaani, M. Musarella, I. Maumenee, R. Roepman, I. Lopez, A. den Hollander; Leber Congenital Amaurosis (LCA) Patients With Possible Mutations in Two Ciliary Genes: CEP290 and RPGRIP1. Does Oligogenic Inheritance Exist in LCA?. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2008;49(13):1686. doi: https://doi.org/.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose: : To assess the possibility of oligogenic inheritance in Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA). LCA is the most common cause of hereditary retinal childhood blindness and is characterized by visual loss, nystagmus, an absent ERG, and autosomal recessive inheritance. LCA is currently thought to be a monogenic disorder with surprising genetic heterogeneity (14 genes). An emerging group of LCA proteins are involved in ciliary transport and four LCA genetic subtypes appear to be "ciliopathies" (CEP290, LCA5, RPGRIP1 and TULP1). In Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBs) and nephronophtisis, oligogenic inheritance has been described, which involves mutations in more than one gene modifying the severity of the phenotype.

Methods: : We tested the hypothesis that mutations in RPGRIP1 and CEP290 coexist in LCA patients and modify the phenotype. We screened 300 LCA patients for RPGRIP1 mutations and found heterozygous changes in 22 patients. These were then screened for CEP290 mutations. We performed co-segregation studies of the mutations, and are performing RT-PCR and cDNA sequencing of both genes.

Results: : In a non-consanguineous LCA family, we found a heterozygous (htz) c. 3402-3404 delGTC, p. M1134I /del S1135 mutation in RPGRIP1 and a htz p. Cys998X mutation in CEP290. We found no-light perception vision, pale optic discs and diffuse mid-peripheral white retinal spots in the proband. We are continuing to search for LCA families carrying mutations in both RPGRIP1 and CEP290.

Conclusions: : There is increasing evidence that oligogenic inheritance occurs (e.g. BBs, NPHP). We do not have evidence yet for oligogenic inheritance in LCA, although we found presumed mutations in both RPGRIP1 and CEP290 in an LCA patient with a phenotype not typically associated with RPGRIP1 or CEP290 mutations alone. We also found both mutations in the mother, necessitating a third mutation to explain the affected status. The RPGRIP1 mutation is in the RPGR binding domain (RID), while the CEP290 mutation leads to a stop. Both CEP290 and RPGRIP1 proteins belong to the same protein complex as RPGR and all co-localize to the photoreceptor cilium. Further genetic and functional studies are in progress.

Keywords: gene modifiers • retinal degenerations: hereditary • gene/expression 
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