May 2008
Volume 49, Issue 13
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   May 2008
Pre-Operative Demographic, Visual, Clinical, and Health Variables and Their Relationship With Cataract Surgery Wait Time in Montreal, Quebec
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • F. Djafari
    Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital Research Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Ophthalmology,
    University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  • E. E. Freeman
    Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital Research Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Ophthalmology,
    University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  • J. Gresset
    Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital Research Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Optometry,
    University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  • M. J. Aubin
    Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital Research Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Ophthalmology,
    University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  • R. Bruen
    Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital Research Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Ophthalmology,
  • S. Couture
    Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital Research Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Ophthalmology,
    University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  • H. M. Boisjoly
    Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital Research Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Ophthalmology,
    University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships  F. Djafari, None; E.E. Freeman, None; J. Gresset, None; M.J. Aubin, None; R. Bruen, None; S. Couture, None; H.M. Boisjoly, None.
  • Footnotes
    Support  Fonds de Recherche en Santé de la vison du Québec (FRSQ), Fonds de Recherche en Ophtalmologie de l'Université de Montréal (FROUM), Alcon Canada
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science May 2008, Vol.49, 1930. doi:https://doi.org/
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    • Get Citation

      F. Djafari, E. E. Freeman, J. Gresset, M. J. Aubin, R. Bruen, S. Couture, H. M. Boisjoly; Pre-Operative Demographic, Visual, Clinical, and Health Variables and Their Relationship With Cataract Surgery Wait Time in Montreal, Quebec. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2008;49(13):1930. doi: https://doi.org/.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose: : To determine the demographic, visual, clinical, and health variables associated with longer wait times for cataract surgery in a country with publicly funded universal health care (Montreal, Quebec, Canada).

Methods: : Patients awaiting cataract surgery were recruited from Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital in Montreal, Quebec from 1999-2000 (n=509) and a second cohort from 2006-2007 (n=163). About two weeks before surgery, patients completed an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Date of entry onto the hospital waiting list and date of cataract surgery were recorded. Best-corrected visual acuity was measured in each eye using an ETDRS acuity chart and was converted to logMAR. The 5-item Cataract Symptom Scale (CSS5), SF-36, VF-14, and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were given. Patients were asked about systemic and ocular comorbidities. Wilcoxon rank sum tests, chi-square tests, and logistic regression were used to determine those variables associated with wait times of 6 months or more compared to less than 6 months. Analyses were first done stratified by cohort and were combined if the odds ratios were similar in size and direction for each cohort.

Results: : The variables that were associated with a wait time of 6 months or greater in unadjusted analyses were physician (Chi square, p<0.001), more cataract symptoms (Wilcoxon, p=0.016), a greater number of systemic comorbidities (Wilcoxon, p<0.001), more depressive symptoms (Wilcoxon, p=0.009), and worse SF-36 physical functioning scores (Wilcoxon, p=0.013). Acuity in the surgical eye, VF-14 scores, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, age, sex, and education were not significantly associated with wait time. In a multiple logistic regression model, only physician and number of systemic comorbidities were statistically significantly associated with longer wait time with cataract symptoms, depressive symptoms, physical SF-36 score, and cohort also in the model.

Conclusions: : Patients who waited 6 months or more did not have significantly worse vision, cataract symptoms, or visual difficulty before surgery than those who waited less than 6 months. Certain physicians have much longer wait times than others. Strategies to monitor and reduce this disparity should be considered.

Keywords: cataract • clinical (human) or epidemiologic studies: health care delivery/economics/manpower • visual acuity 
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