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H. V. Tran, C. Stathopoulos, A. Balmer, H. Abou-Zeid, L. Zografos, D. Schorderet, F. L. Munier; Prevalence of Subfoveal Nodule in Coat’s Disease. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2008;49(13):2130. doi: https://doi.org/.
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Coats' disease is a non-hereditary condition characterized by idiopathic retinal telangiectasia, and exudative retinopathy. Although the exudation often spreads from the main areas of telangiectasia, there is a preferential accumulation of exudation in the macular area in Coats' disease. A subfoveal nodule has usually been described in the context of resolution of macular exudates after treatment of peripheral retinal telangiectasis. Nevertheless, a recent reports stressed out an uncommon prominent subfoveal nodule with peripheral exudates as initial presentation of Coats'disease. The purpose of this study was to report the prevalence of this presentation in a cohort of patients.
All consecutive patients with Coats' disease referred to the Jules Gonin Eye Hospital between January 1979 and July 2006 were included. All charts were screened for a clear cut subfoveal circular lesion on fundus photographies at initial presentation.
95 patients suffering of Coat's disease were enrolled. 33 out of 95 patients had subtotal or total exudative retinal detachment, which impeded macular examination. 14 out of 62 (22.6%) resting patients presented with a clear cut prominent circular subfoveal lesion at initial presentation. All patients had unilateral disease. Mean age was 5.6 ± 3.5 year old at initial presentation. There were 4 females and 10 males. Pigmentation and size of the nodule were not homogenous. Mean diameter was 1.1 ± 0.5 optic disc diameter.
The present study shows that subfoveal nodule is not such a rare primary presentation of Coats' disease in contrast to what it has been previously reported in the literature. Thus the initial finding of prominent subfoveal nodule associated with peripheral retinal findings made the diagnosis of Coats' disease highly likely.Physicians should be aware that a proeminent subfoveal nodule is a common initial presentation of Coats' disease as it can be confused clinically with Retinoblastoma.
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