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H. Quiroz-Mercado, C. Sanchez-Noguera, J. Fromow-Guerra, N. Salazar-Teran, M. Martinez-Castellanos, R. Velez-Montoya, A. Solis-Vivanco, C. Alaez, C. Gorodezky; Relationship Between HLA Class II Alleles and Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy in Mexican Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2D). Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2008;49(13):2149. doi: https://doi.org/.
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To evaluate the association between retinopathy and HLA Class II alleles in T2D.
We designed a case-control study in which 124 mestizo Mexican patients with an at least 10 years of T2D and diabetic retinopathy. DNA was extracted and HLA-DR regions were amplified using PCR. Alleles were determined by DNA hybridization. Diagnosis was assessed clinically. Incidence of HLA-DR alleles in patients was compared with ethnically matched control group of healthy subject (n=238) and patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR)(n=65). Statistical significance was established with non-parametric test
Patients with PDR showed an association the alleles of DRB1*1406 when compared to the controls (p=0.03, OR=2.2). No differences was found when DRB1 and DQB1 were compared between the groups
We suggest that the allele of Amerindian ancestry (DRB1*1406) with additive minor effects, contribute to the expression of PDR in Mexican patients with T2D
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