May 2008
Volume 49, Issue 13
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   May 2008
Vitamin A Supplementation in Cambodia: Coverage and Association With Greater Maternal Formal Education
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • D. S. Grover
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Med., Baltimore, Maryland
  • S. de Pee
    World Food Programme, Rome, Italy
  • K. Sun
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Med., Baltimore, Maryland
  • V. K. Raju
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Med., Baltimore, Maryland
  • M. W. Bloem
    World Food Programme, Rome, Italy
  • R. D. Semba
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Med., Baltimore, Maryland
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships  D.S. Grover, None; S. de Pee, None; K. Sun, None; V.K. Raju, None; M.W. Bloem, None; R.D. Semba, None.
  • Footnotes
    Support  Eye Foundation of America
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science May 2008, Vol.49, 4987. doi:
  • Views
  • Share
  • Tools
    • Alerts
      ×
      This feature is available to authenticated users only.
      Sign In or Create an Account ×
    • Get Citation

      D. S. Grover, S. de Pee, K. Sun, V. K. Raju, M. W. Bloem, R. D. Semba; Vitamin A Supplementation in Cambodia: Coverage and Association With Greater Maternal Formal Education. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2008;49(13):4987.

      Download citation file:


      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

      ×
  • Supplements
Abstract

Purpose: : It has been well established that vitamin A supplementation is a highly effective intervention to reduce morbidity, mortality, and blindness among children in developing countries. The objective of this study is to characterize the coverage of the Cambodian national vitamin A program among preschool children and to identify risk factors for not receiving vitamin A supplementation.

Methods: : The study subjects were preschool children and their families who participated in the 2005 Cambodian Demographic and Health Survey (CDHS), a nationally representative survey that was part of the worldwide Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) project.

Results: : Of 1,547 preschool children, aged 12-59 months, 42.8% received a vitamin A capsule within the last six months. There were no significant differences in paternal education, child age, fever within the last 2 weeks, stunting, underweight, or wasting between children who did or did not receive a vitamin A capsule. Maternal education of ≥10 years (Odds Ratio [O.R.] 2.09, 95% Confidence Interval [C.I.] 1.02 - 4.29), 7-9 years (O.R. 1.46, 95% C.I. 0.99 - 2.15), 4-6 years (O.R. 1.71, 95% C.I. 1.26 - 2.32), and 1-3 years (O.R. 1.50, 95% C.I. 1.10 - 2.06) was associated with the child receiving a vitamin A capsule compared to no formal education in multivariate analyses adjusting for other potential confounders. The national vitamin A supplementation program in Cambodia did not reach over one-half of preschool children in 2005.

Keywords: vitamin A deficiency • nutritional factors 
×
×

This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

Sign in or purchase a subscription to access this content. ×

You must be signed into an individual account to use this feature.

×