May 2008
Volume 49, Issue 13
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   May 2008
A Community-Based Preschool Vision Screening Model Program
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • P. P. Schmidt
    The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
    College of Optometry,
  • J. Meents
    The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
    College of Optometry,
  • B. Head
    The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
    College of Optometry,
  • E. Rund
    The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
    School of Allied Health,
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships  P.P. Schmidt, None; J. Meents, None; B. Head, None; E. Rund, None.
  • Footnotes
    Support  Supported by a grant from the Columbus Foundation and an Excellence and Engagement Award to Paulette P. Schmidt from The Ohio State University Office of Outreach and Engagement.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science May 2008, Vol.49, 4996. doi:https://doi.org/
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    • Get Citation

      P. P. Schmidt, J. Meents, B. Head, E. Rund; A Community-Based Preschool Vision Screening Model Program. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2008;49(13):4996. doi: https://doi.org/.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose: : This study documents the characteristics of and pilots a model for implementing preschool vision screening in Ohio based on trained lay volunteers using tests that performed best in the Vision In Preschoolers (VIP) Study.

Methods: : The 88 Ohio counties were surveyed to establish preschool vision screening practices: 1) tests used, 2) screening personnel, and 3) numbers of children referred. Further, in collaboration with the OSU Extension Program and The Ohio State University Office of Outreach, a model for implementing community-based preschool vision screening programs with high school age youth (4-H Youth Leaders, 13-19 years) was tested and refined using the best screening practices from the VIP Study (tests, testers, protocols, referral criteria, disorder definitions, educational materials).

Results: : Responses received from 52% (n=46) of Ohio counties show that in community-based preschool vision screening programs: 1) visual acuity and eye alignment are tests most frequently used; 2) nurses most frequently administer tests; 3) 1-34% of Ohio children are referred from screenings. Of the 4-H Youth Leaders trained to conduct the SureSight Vision Screener, Retinomax Autorefractor, and Crowded Singular Lea Symbols Visual Acuity (5 Foot) screening tests, more than 95% (20/21) were able to complete certification requirements similar to those used in the VIP Study and to implement community-based preschool vision screening programs.

Conclusions: : Tests which peformed best in the VIP Study are not in use in Ohio. Statewide preschool vision screening referral rates vary more than the rates reported nationally (4-17%). Trained high school students show excellent potential and enthusiasm for implementing community-based preschool vision screenings using a model viewed as service and learning programs ideal for 4-H Youth.

Keywords: clinical (human) or epidemiologic studies: health care delivery/economics/manpower • amblyopia • strabismus 
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