May 2007
Volume 48, Issue 13
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   May 2007
Reproducibility of Dynamic Contour Tonometry, Applanation Tonometry and Corneal Hysteresis in Healthy Subjects
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • S. K. Hossaka
    Ophthalmology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • L. M. Doi
    Ophthalmology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • L. A. S. Melo, Jr.
    Ophthalmology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • A. C. S. V. Oshima
    Ophthalmology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • E. T. Sato
    Ophthalmology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • L. F. Pereira
    Ophthalmology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • A. Paranhos, Jr.
    Ophthalmology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • J. A. Prata, Jr.
    Ophthalmology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Ophthalmology, Faculdade de Medicina do Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Brazil
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships S.K. Hossaka, None; L.M. Doi, None; L.A.S. Melo, None; A.C.S.V. Oshima, None; E.T. Sato, None; L.F. Pereira, None; A. Paranhos, None; J.A. Prata, None.
  • Footnotes
    Support None.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science May 2007, Vol.48, 1251. doi:https://doi.org/
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    • Get Citation

      S. K. Hossaka, L. M. Doi, L. A. S. Melo, Jr., A. C. S. V. Oshima, E. T. Sato, L. F. Pereira, A. Paranhos, Jr., J. A. Prata, Jr.; Reproducibility of Dynamic Contour Tonometry, Applanation Tonometry and Corneal Hysteresis in Healthy Subjects. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2007;48(13):1251. doi: https://doi.org/.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose:: To evaluate the intraobserver reproducibility of applanation tonometry and dynamic contour tonometry, as well as corneal hysteresis and corneal resistance factor measurements.

Methods:: A total of 182 eyes of 94 healthy volunteers were examined. Three measurements using the Goldmann applanation tonometer, dynamic contour tonometer (Pascal) and Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) were taken from each eye in a total of nine measurements per eye. The measurements were performed by the same observer in random order with a 10-minute interval between each device.

Results:: The within-eye standard deviations (SD) of Goldmann and Pascal tonometries were 0.78 mm Hg and 0.91 mm Hg, respectively. Regarding ORA measurements, the Goldmann correlated and the corneal compensated intraocular pressures within-eye SD were 1.26 mmHg and 1.50 mm Hg, respectively. The within-eye SD of corneal hysteresis and corneal resistance factor were 0.85 mmHg and 0.76 mmHg.

Conclusions:: The Goldmann and Pascal tonometers had satisfactory and better intraobserver reproducibility than ORA measurements. The corneal hysteresis and corneal resistance factor readings showed similar, moderate intraobserver reproducibility.

Keywords: intraocular pressure • clinical (human) or epidemiologic studies: systems/equipment/techniques • cornea: clinical science 
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