May 2007
Volume 48, Issue 13
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   May 2007
Interaction of Prodan With Alpha B-Crystallin
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • K. Sharma
    University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri
    Departments of Ophthalmology and Biochemistry,
  • S. Yellamaraju
    University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri
    Department of Ophthalmology,
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships K. Sharma, None; S. Yellamaraju, None.
  • Footnotes
    Support NIH Grants EY11981, EY14795 and Research to Prevent Blindness
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science May 2007, Vol.48, 2034. doi:
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      K. Sharma, S. Yellamaraju; Interaction of Prodan With Alpha B-Crystallin. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2007;48(13):2034. doi:

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Purpose:: To investigate the interaction of neutral fluorescence probe, prodan (6-propionyl-2-(N,N-dimethyl)-aminonaphthalene) with αB-crystallin.

Methods:: Human αB-crystallin was expressed in E.coli BL21(DE3)pLyS cells and purified by ion-exchange and gel filtration chromatography. The interaction of the purified protein with prodan was measured using excitation at 380 nm and EM at 400-600 nm. The number of prodan binding site(s) per subunit was estimated by Scatchard plot whereas the effect of prodan interaction on chaperone-like activity was determined using citrate synthase and ADH aggregation assays

Results:: Prodan fluorescence was partially quenched when it interacted with αB-crystallin. Excitation of αB-crystallin mixed with prodan at 295 nm resulted in a decrease in Trp emission at 343 nm and an increase in fluorescence at 506 nm, emission maximum for protein bound prodan, suggesting an energy transfer from Trp in αB-crystallin to protein bound prodan. Scatchard analysis showed that one mole of prodan binds to each subunit of αB-crystallin. Partial unfolding of αB-crystallin with 2M urea lead to an increase in prodan fluorescence whereas exposure of αB-crystallin to 50oC resulted in decreased prodan binding suggesting that the two denaturing conditions have differing effect on αB-crystallin. Prior binding of prodan to αB-crystallin decreased its chaperone-like activity toward denaturing ADH and citrate synthase.

Conclusions:: Prodan interacts with αB-crystallin at or near the chaperone site. The prodan interacting hydrophobic site(s) exposed during urea and heat denaturation of αB-crystallin are different.

Keywords: crystallins • chaperones • protein structure/function 

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