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Susana Marcos, Nicolás Alejandre, Jorge Lamela, Carlos Dorronsoro, Irene E. Kochevar; Toward New Engagement Paradigms For Intraocular Lenses: Light-Initiated Bonding of Capsular Bag to Lens Materials. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(8):4249-4256. doi: 10.1167/iovs.15-17070.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Successful intraocular lens procedures, that is, implantation of accommodating intraocular lenses (A-IOL), require firm engagement of the IOL haptics to the capsular bag. We evaluated the use of photochemical bonding to engage IOL materials to the capsular bag.
Freshly enucleated eyes of New Zealand rabbits were used in two types of photobonding experiments using Rose Bengal (RB) photoinitiation and green light (532-nm) irradiation. First, RB-stained capsular bag strips were photobonded ex vivo to IOL polymer [poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) pHEMA] strips in an atmosphere of air and of nitrogen. Second, IOLs were implanted intracapsularly and photobonded intraocularly. Irradiation times were between 30 and 180 seconds, and laser irradiance was between 0.25 and 0.65 W/cm2. The strength of the bonding was tested using a custom-developed uniaxial extensiometry system and the breakage load (the load that caused breakage per bonded area) was calculated.
The breakage load of ex vivo capsule–pHEMA bonds increased exponentially with irradiation time, using 0.45 W/cm2. In air, the average breakage load across all conditions was 1 g/mm2 and 1.6 times lower than that in a nitrogen atmosphere. Intraocularly, RB-stained IOLs were strongly photobonded to the capsule bag with breakage loads > 0.8 g/mm2.
Breakage of the photobonded linkage between IOL material and capsular bag required loads substantially greater than the maximum force of ciliary muscle, suggesting that this technology may introduce a new paradigm for engagement of A-IOLs. The bonding produced in air was stronger than that in nitrogen atmosphere, suggesting that oxygen is involved in the chemical mechanism for photobonding.
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