Purchase this article with an account.
M. Paques, M. Simonutti, E. Levavasseur, J.–A. Sahel; Natural History of Experimental Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion in Rodents . Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2005;46(13):4057.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Purpose: To detail the natural history of transient branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) in rodents. Methods: One or two BRVO was induced by laser photocoagulation in pigmented and albino rodents, and in transgenic CX3CR1 mice expressing gfp in microglial cells. Repeated confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy imaging was correlated to histology. Results: Within hours after BRVO induction, rupture of the blood–retinal barrier in the outer microvessel layer, infiltration by activated microglial cells, ICG staining of venous wall, retinal detachment and extensive venous collateralization were evidenced by cSLO and confirmed by histology. In the following weeks, despite recanalization of the occluded vein, persistent collateral circulation was observed, as well as alteration of fundus autofluorescence. The latter was correlated to the extent of retinal damage. Limited retinal damage in the one vein model (loss of the outer plexiform layer) contrasted with the extensive retinal atrophy observed in the two veins model. Retinal atrophy predominated in the outer retina, with significant variations between animals. No new vessels developed. Light deprivation had no effect on retinal atrophy. Variations between species and strains were noted, albino mice having the most prolonged duration of occlusion and the most rapid development of collateral vessels. Conclusions: cSLO complements histology for evaluation of experimental BRVO, especially for the analysis of vascular anatomy, of fundus autofluorescence, and of gfp–expressing cells. BRVO in rodents is a convenient, adjustable and clinically relevant model for the study of neuroprotective strategies.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only