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E.B. Rodrigues, C.L. Shields, M.A. Materin, J.A. Shields; Optical Coherence Tomography of Tumors of the Retina and Retinal Pigment Epithelium . Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2005;46(13):4311.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Purpose: To describe the optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings in patients with retinal and retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) tumors and pseudotumors Methods: A review of the OCT features of retinal and RPE tumors was conducted. Data was collected on the features of the lesion and its effect on surrounding tissues. Results: A total of 158 patients with retinal tumors and pseudotumors underwent OCT examination. The lesions included vasoproliferative tumors (n= 32; 20%), retinoblastoma (n= 28; 18%), Coats disease (n= 18; 11%), retina capillary hemangioma (n= 15; 9%), combined hamartoma of the retina and RPE (n= 13; 8%), retinal astrocytic hamartoma (n= 13; 8%), peripheral exudative hemorrhagic chorioretinopathy (n= 12; 8%), vitreoretinal lymphoma (n= 9; 6%), congenital hypertrophy of the RPE (n= 7; 4%), RPE adenoma (n= 5; 3%), congenital simple hamartoma of the RPE (n= 4; 3%), retinal racemous hemangioma (n= 1; 1%), and retinal cavernous hemangioma (n= 1; 1%). OCT provided useful information on the extent of the retinal mass and its effect on the surrounding tissues. Tumors of the RPE had a profound effect on the overlying retina. Macular changes on OCT were common with most retinal tumors. Conclusions: OCT accurately demonstrates the structural features of retinal and RPE tumors. OCT is useful in elucidating mechanisms of related visual loss.
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