May 2004
Volume 45, Issue 13
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   May 2004
Risk Factors for Motor Vehicle Collision–Related Eye Injuries
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • G. McGwin
    Ophthalmology, Univ Alabama–Birmingham, Birmingham, AL
  • C. Owsley
    Ophthalmology, Univ Alabama–Birmingham, Birmingham, AL
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships  G. McGwin, None; C. Owsley, None.
  • Footnotes
    Support  none
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science May 2004, Vol.45, 1396. doi:
  • Views
  • Share
  • Tools
    • Alerts
      This feature is available to authenticated users only.
      Sign In or Create an Account ×
    • Get Citation

      G. McGwin, C. Owsley; Risk Factors for Motor Vehicle Collision–Related Eye Injuries . Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2004;45(13):1396.

      Download citation file:

      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

  • Supplements

Abstract: : Purpose: To evaluate the association between specific occupant, collision, and vehicle characteristics and the risk of motor vehicle collision (MVC) related eye injury. Methods: The 1988–2001 National Automotive Sampling System Crashworthiness Data System (CDS) files were utilized. The CDS is a national probability sample of passenger vehicles involved in police–reported tow–away MVCs. The risk of eye injury was calculated according to specific occupant (e.g., age, seat belt use) and collision (e.g., delta–V [estimated change in velocity], vehicular intrusion) characteristics. The association between eye injury and these characteristics was calculated using risk ratios (RRs) and associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: The incidence of eye injuries in MVCs has progressively increased since 1998, paralleling the prevalence of frontal air bag equipped vehicles on the road. Frontal air bag deployment was associated with a statistically significant 2–fold (RR 2.13, 95% CI 1.56–2.91) increased risk of eye injury whereas seat belt use was associated with a 2–fold (RR 2.17, 95% CI 1.89–2.44) reduced eye injury risk. In late model vehicles, frontal air bags are the most common cause of MVC–related eye injury. Older age, female gender, seat position, vehicle weight and collision severity were also associated with eye injury risk. Conclusions: The adverse effect of frontal air bags on the risk of eye injury should be considered against their protective effect for fatal injury. Seat belt use is the most effective means of occupant protection against MVC–related eye injury.

Keywords: trauma • clinical (human) or epidemiologic studies: risk factor assessment • clinical (human) or epidemiologic studies: biostatistics/epidemiology methodology 

This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

Sign in or purchase a subscription to access this content. ×

You must be signed into an individual account to use this feature.