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A. Jamil, L. Thompson, S. Singh, R. Ahuja, P. Dray, N. Becker; Incidence and Causes of Uveitis in a Suburban General Ophthalmology Clinic . Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2003;44(13):772.
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Purpose: To characterize the incidence, location, and etiology of uveitis in a general ophthalmology clinic in suburban Chicago Methods: A retrospective chart review of patients presenting to a suburban, general ophthalmology clinic from November 2001 through November 2002 was conducted. A computerized medical record search was performed for any patients with a diagnosis of any of the following: iritis, intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis, toxoplasmosis, histoplasmosis. The diagnosis of uveitis was established based on an ophthalmologic exam performed by a uveitis-trained ophthalmologist using the following criteria: history, clinical exam, and laboratory evaluation. Results: A total of 12,000 charts were reviewed. A diagnosis of uveitis including the previously-mentioned diagnoses was present for 186 patients. Of these, 104 (55.9%) were female and 82 (44.1%) were male. The average age of these patients was 46.0 years (range 5-83). In regard to location, 55.4% of the cases involved the anterior segment, 31.2% involved the posterior segment, 9.1% were intermediate in location, and 3.8% of the patients had a panuveitis. Conclusions: As compared to previous studies, we also found that the most common location of uveitis was the anterior segment. The most common etiology was idiopathic iritis; however, the second most common etiology of anterior segment uveitis was HLA-B27-associated iritis. The most common etiology of posterior uveitis in our study was toxoplasmosis. Our findings suggest a difference in the pattern of uveitis. This may be attributed to differences in the populations studied (suburban Chicago versus urban Los Angeles).  Henderly, Dale E, Genster, Arla J., Smith, Ronald E., and Rao, Narsing A. Changing Patterns of Uveitis. American Journal of Ophthalmology, 103: 131-136, 1987.
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