December 2002
Volume 43, Issue 13
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   December 2002
The Psychosocial Impact of Childhood Amblyopia Treatment on Children and Their Primary Carers: A preliminary report
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • YF Choong
    Ophthalmology Univ Hospital Wales Cardiff Cardiff United Kingdom
  • H Lukman
    Psychology University of Wales Institute Cardiff Cardiff United Kingdom
  • S Martins
    Singleton Hospital Swansea United Kingdom
  • DE Laws
    Singleton Hospital Swansea United Kingdom
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Y.F. Choong, None; H. Lukman, None; S. Martins, None; D.E. Laws, None. Grant Identification: WORD
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science December 2002, Vol.43, 4694. doi:
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      YF Choong, H Lukman, S Martins, DE Laws; The Psychosocial Impact of Childhood Amblyopia Treatment on Children and Their Primary Carers: A preliminary report . Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2002;43(13):4694.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract: : Purpose: The value of screening and treatment of amblyopia hasbeen recently called into question by a systemic review (Snowdonand Steward-Brown, 1997). Amblyopia treatment is widely perceivedto have potential negative psychosocial effects on the patientand the family. However to date there are few empirical studiesdocumenting the extent of psychosocial impact of amblyopia treatmenton patients and their carers. This study aims to investigatethe psychosocial effects of occlusion therapy on children andtheir carers. This is the preliminary report on 33 of our targeted150 participants.Methods: This is a prospective, longitudinal,multi-centre study. Primary carers of children with amblyopiacompleted questionnaires consisting of the Perceived StressScale (PSI) and the Perceived Psychosocial Questionnaire (PPQ),prior to and following the commencement of occlusion therapy.PSI measures general stress experienced by carers and PPQ measuresthe child's psychosocial well being as perceived by the carer.T-test was used to compare those treated with occlusion therapy{N=20) and those without (N=13). Within group differences werealso analysed.Results: PSI and PPQ scores between non-occludedand occluded groups  

Occludedgroup: Pre and during treatment PSI and PPQ scores Conclusion: The initial findings showed thatocclusion therapy did not significantly increase the perceivedstress levels in carers. There was also no evidence that occlusiontherapy has significantly reduced the psychosocial well beingof children receiving treatment.

Keywords: 313 amblyopia • 357 clinical (human) or epidemiologic studies: treatment/prevention assessment/controlled clinical trials 

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