December 2002
Volume 43, Issue 13
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   December 2002
Normative Data and Effects of Refractive Status and Correction Tyle on the 40cm Longitudinal Horopter
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • JA Beatty
    Optometry UM-St Louis St Louis MO
  • V Rajaram
    Optometry UM-St Louis St Louis MO
  • V Lakshminarayanan
    Optometry UM-St Louis St Louis MO
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   J.A. Beatty, None; V. Rajaram, None; V. Lakshminarayanan, None.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science December 2002, Vol.43, 4716. doi:
  • Views
  • Share
  • Tools
    • Alerts
      This feature is available to authenticated users only.
      Sign In or Create an Account ×
    • Get Citation

      JA Beatty, V Rajaram, V Lakshminarayanan; Normative Data and Effects of Refractive Status and Correction Tyle on the 40cm Longitudinal Horopter . Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2002;43(13):4716.

      Download citation file:

      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

  • Supplements

Abstract: : Purpose: This study investigates the variation in horopter data for a study group (n=99) based on refractive status (myopic n=60, hyperopic n=3, astigmatic n=14, emmetropic n=22) and type of correction used (spectacle n=28 or contact lens n=49) for a group of young healthy adults (21 to 31 years)with normal binocular vision. Methods: Subjects were asked to align test rods in an Apparent Frontoparallel Plane (AFPP) horopter device. Three trials were taken and averaged for each subject at a fixation distance of 40cm while wearing correction. To avoid effects of visual fatigue short periods of rest were given as needed for each subject. To compare H and R0 values on the basis of refractive status and type of correction paired-sample T-tests (two-tailed) were performed. Results: R0 and H values were calculated as described by Ogle (J.O.S.A. Vol 22, 1932, 538 631). For the study group, the 40 cm analytical plot was obtained by plotting R against tan alpha2. The equation defined was R= 0.995 -3.1042 tan alpha2 (H= -3.1042 and R0= 0.995). T-tests were performed to compare differences in H and R0 coefficient values between different types refractive states. No significance was found between emmetropes and hyperopic, myopic and astigmatic errors. Similar results were observed when comparing refractive error types with each other. T-tests also compared high (≷6D), moderate (4D-6D), and low (<4D) degrees of refractive error. Again, no significant difference was found between groups. Comparison between spectacle and contact lens correction was performed with T-tests. No significant difference was observed at the alpha level of (p<.05). Conclusion: Refractive error type and correction appear to have no impact on the 40cm fixation distance longitudinal horopter. This indicates that error type and correction do not alter the uniform and non-uniform relative magnification. Perceptually these two factors seem to have no effect on the corrected ammetrope. These results could be due to the unequal distribution of refractive error types in our sample.

Keywords: 329 binocular vision/stereopsis • 519 physiological optics 

This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

Sign in or purchase a subscription to access this content. ×

You must be signed into an individual account to use this feature.