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Wencui Shen, Yating Han, Bingqing Huang, Yan Qi, Linqi Xu, Ruru Guo, Xi Wang, Jiantao Wang; MicroRNA-483-3p Inhibits Extracellular Matrix Production by Targeting Smad4 in Human Trabecular Meshwork Cells. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(13):8419-8427. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.15-18036.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
This study investigated the effects of microRNA-483-3p (miR-483-3p) on extracellular matrix (ECM) production, and clarified the regulatory mechanism of microRNA-483-3p in human trabecular meshwork cells (HTMCs) under oxidative stress.
The expression levels of ECM (fibronectin, laminin, collagen I) in HTMCs under oxidative stress were measured by Western blot. Changes of miR-483-3p expression in HTMCs were evaluated by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). After using lentivirus stably expressing pri-miR-483, the effects of miR-483-3p on the ECM were assessed by qPCR and Western blot. Smad4, the potential target of miR-483-3p according to mRNA target-predicting algorithms, was confirmed by luciferase assay and Western blot. Furthermore, the effects of Smad4 knockdown on ECM expression were investigated by qPCR and Western blot.
The mRNA and protein levels of ECM (fibronectin, laminin, collagen I) were upregulated in HTMCs induced by oxidative stress. The expression level of miR-483-3p decreased in HTMCs under oxidative stress, and the ectopic expression of miR-483-3p decreased the levels of ECM. In addition, miR-483-3p targeted Smad4 through two binding sites, resulting in a decrease of Smad4 expression. Furthermore, knockdown of Smad4 reduced the levels of ECM in HTMCs.
MicroRNA-483-3p has an inhibitory effect on ECM production in HTMCs through downregulating Smad4, which indicates that miR-483-3p may serve as a potential therapeutic target in glaucoma.
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