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Santosh G. K. Gadde, Neha Anegondi, Devanshi Bhanushali, Lavanya Chidambara, Naresh Kumar Yadav, Aruj Khurana, Abhijit Sinha Roy; Quantification of Vessel Density in Retinal Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Images Using Local Fractal Dimension. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(1):246-252. doi: 10.1167/iovs.15-18287.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To evaluate a fully automated local fractal dimension method to quantify vessel density and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area in optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) images.
Fifty-two healthy Asian Indian eyes underwent imaging prospectively with OCTA system. Superficial and deep retinal vascular plexus was imaged. Local fractal analysis was applied to the OCTA images. A scan area of 3 × 3 mm was selected in the superficial and deep retinal layers. Foveal avascular zone area and vessel density were quantified in circular and sectoral zones around the fovea. A unique contour map of vessel density and dropout zones was developed to perform regional comparisons.
Foveal avascular zone of superficial (0.35 ± 0.013 mm2) and deep (0.49 ± 0.012 mm2) retinal vascular plexus was segmented. The agreement between the manually segmented and local fractal dimension segmented FAZ area was 0.97 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.94–0.98) and did not change significantly with age (P = 0.94 and 0.21, respectively). The vessel density was greater in the deep than the superficial retinal vascular plexus (P < 0.0001). When the image was subdivided into sectors around the FAZ, inferior sector had greater vessel density than the others (temporal, superior, and nasal) in both superficial and deep retinal vascular plexus (P < 0.05). These observations were similar to recent studies on animal retinal vasculature map.
A novel implementation of local fractal dimension to calculate vessel density and FAZ area was demonstrated. Age did not impact vessel density but sectoral analyses showed greater vessel density in the inferior zone.
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