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Patrick D. Bradley, Dawn A. Sim, Pearse A. Keane, João Cardoso, Rupesh Agrawal, Adnan Tufail, Catherine A. Egan; The Evaluation of Diabetic Macular Ischemia Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(2):626-631. doi: 10.1167/iovs.15-18034.
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The purpose of this study was to compare optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography to standard fluorescein angiography (FA) in the grading of diabetic macular ischemia.
In our study, OCT angiography and traditional FA images were acquired from 24 diabetic patients. The level of diabetic macular ischemia in the superficial capillary plexus was graded with standard Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) protocols and a comparison between conventional FA and OCT angiography was performed. The deep vascular plexus and choriocapillaris were also graded for macular ischemia. Additionally, flow indices were analyzed for all OCT angiography images.
We identified moderate agreement between diabetic macular ischemia grades for conventional FA and OCT angiography (weighted κ of 0.53 and 0.41). In addition, the intergrader agreement for the superficial, deep, and choriocapillaris scores was substantial (weighted κ of 0.65, 0.61, and 0.65, respectively). Finally, the parafoveal flow indices were shown to have a statistically significant relationship with diabetic macular ischemia grades for the superficial capillary plexus (P = 0.04) and choriocapillaris (P = 0.036), with a trend toward significance for the deep capillary plexus (P = 0.13).
We demonstrated moderate agreement between diabetic macular ischemia grading results for OCT angiography and conventional FA using standard ETDRS protocols. We also showed that OCT angiography images could be graded for diabetic macular ischemia with substantial intergrader agreement.
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