Purchase this article with an account.
Kaori Nomura-Komoike, Fuminori Saitoh, Yuta Komoike, Hiroki Fujieda; DNA Damage Response in Proliferating Müller Glia in the Mammalian Retina. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(3):1169-1182. doi: 10.1167/iovs.15-18101.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Müller glia, the principal glial cell type in the retina, have the potential to proliferate and regenerate neurons after retinal damage. However, unlike the situation in fish and birds, this capacity of Müller glia is extremely limited in mammals. To gain new insights into the mechanisms that hamper retinal regeneration in mammals, we examined the cell cycle progression and DNA damage response in Müller glia after retinal damage.
Expression of cell cycle-related proteins and DNA damage response were analyzed in adult rat and mouse retinas after N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)- or N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-induced retinal damage. Zebrafish and postnatal rat retinas were also investigated for comparison. Analysis was conducted by using immunofluorescence, Western blotting, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction.
In the rat retina, most Müller glia reentered the cell cycle after MNU-induced photoreceptor damage while no proliferative response was observed in the mouse model. Cell cycle reentry of rat Müller glia was accompanied by DNA damage response including the phosphorylation of the histone variant H2AX and upregulation of p53 and p21. The DNA damage response was also observed in rat Müller glia after NMDA-induced loss of inner retinal neurons, but not in zebrafish Müller glia or rat retinal progenitor cells.
Our findings suggest that the DNA damage response induced by unscheduled cell cycle reentry may be one of the mechanisms that limit the proliferative and regenerative capacity of Müller glia in the mammalian retina.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only