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Azusa Kominami, Shinji Ueno, Taro Kominami, Ayami Nakanishi, Chang-Hua Piao, Eimei Ra, Shunsuke Yasuda, Tetsu Asami, Hiroko Terasaki; Restoration of Cone Interdigitation Zone Associated With Improvement of Focal Macular ERG After Fovea-Off Rhegmatogenous Retinal Reattachment. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(4):1604-1611. doi: 10.1167/iovs.15-19030.
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To determine whether a correlation exists between the parameters of the focal macular ERGs (FMERGs) and the microstructural changes of the photoreceptors after successful surgery for fovea-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).
Twenty eyes of 20 patients who had undergone successful surgery to reattach the retina in eyes with fovea-off RRD were studied. Focal macular ERGs and spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT) were recorded at 1 and 6 months after the surgery. Changes of the components of the FMERGs, as well as changes of the SD-OCT parameters including the length of the external limiting membrane (ELM), ellipsoid zone (EZ), cone interdigitation zone (CIZ), and size of the outer photoreceptor area (between ELM and RPE), were determined.
During the postoperative period, the mean amplitudes of the a-waves increased by 1.4 times and the b-waves by 1.7 times. Spectral-domain OCT showed that the mean length of the EZ and CIZ and the size of the outer photoreceptor area had increased significantly at 6 months. The degree of the increase in the CIZ and outer photoreceptor area was significantly correlated with the increase in the amplitudes of the b-waves of the FMERGs (r = 0.56, P = 0.042, r = 0.57, P = 0.040, respectively; Spearman rank correlation test). However, the length of the EZ was not significantly correlated with the increase of the b-waves.
A restoration of the EZ alone might not be enough to improve the FMERGs, and a restoration of the EZ accompanied by that of the CIZ was essential for the recovery of the FMERGs after fovea-off RRD.
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