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Luca Agnifili, Vincenzo Fasanella, Rodolfo Mastropasqua, Paolo Frezzotti, Claudia Curcio, Lorenza Brescia, Giorgio Marchini; In Vivo Goblet Cell Density as a Potential Indicator of Glaucoma Filtration Surgery Outcome. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(7):2928-2935. doi: 10.1167/iovs.16-19257.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
We analyzed the preoperative conjunctival goblet cell density (GCD), MUC5AC, and HLA-DR in glaucomatous patients undergoing trabeculectomy, using laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) and impression cytology (IC).
We enrolled 57 patients undergoing trabeculectomy. At baseline LSCM and IC were performed at the site planned for surgery; LSCM was repeated after 12 months at the bleb site. The main outcomes were: GCD, mean microcyst density (MMD) and area (MMA) at LSCM, MUC5AC, and HLA-DR positivity at IC, and IOP. The relationships between baseline GCD, and 12-month IOP, MMD, and MMA were analyzed.
Trabeculectomy was successful in 39 patients (complete success in 27, Group 1; qualified in 12, Group 2), and unsuccessful in 18 (Group 3). At baseline IOP (mm Hg) was 27.2 ± 3.12, 27.5 ± 2.23, and 27.7 ± 1.90 in Groups 1 to 3, respectively; GCD and MUC5AC positivity were higher in Group 1 compared to Groups 2 and 3 (P < 0.05); HLA-DR, MMD, and MMA were not significantly different among the groups. At 12 months, IOP reduced by 45.3%, 35.4%, and 12.8% in Groups 1 to 3, respectively. Goblet cell density did not change in Group 1, whereas it was reduced in Groups 2 and 3 (P < 0.05), with values lower in Group 3. Mean microcyst density and MMA increased in Groups 1 and 2 (P < 0.05), with values higher in Group 1 (P < 0.05). Baseline GCD positively correlated with 12-month IOP reduction (P < 0.001, r = 0.641), MMD (P < 0.05, r = 0.454), and MMA (P < 0.001, r = 0.541).
Goblet cells positively affect the filtration ability after trabeculectomy; therefore, preoperative GCD could be considered as a potential in vivo biomarker of surgical success.
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