Purchase this article with an account.
Sharon L. Mason, Rosalind M. K. Stewart, Carl M. Sheridan, Fatemeh Keshtkar, Paul Rooney, Eric Austin, Ursula Schlötzer-Schrehardt, Friedrich E. Kruse, Stephen B. Kaye; Yield and Viability of Human Limbal Stem Cells From Fresh and Stored Tissue. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(8):3708-3713. doi: 10.1167/iovs.16-19354.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
We compared cell number, putative stem cell markers, and clonogenic ability in fresh uncultured human limbal epithelial cells to that obtained from stored organ-cultured tissue.
Cell suspensions were formed from fresh and organ culture–stored human limbal epithelium. Expression of putative stem cell markers ΔNp63 and TrkA was performed using immunofluorescent staining before culture. Colony-forming efficiency (CFE) assays were performed at first passage. The effects of tissue storage, age, and postmortem/culture times were analyzed in a general linear model.
Limbal tissue from 94 donors (34 fresh and 60 stored) was compared. Three times more cells were obtained per eye from fresh (35.34 × 104; SD, 17.39) than stored (11.24 × 104; SD, 11.57; P < 0.01) tissue. A higher proportion of cells from fresh tissue were viable (91.9%; SD, 5.7 vs. 85%; SD, 10.8) P < 0.01. Higher total cell expression of ΔNp63 (20.19 × 104; SD, 15.5 vs. 3.28 104; SD, 4.33) and TrkA (59.24 × 104; SD, 13.21 vs. 7.65 × 104; SD, 1.05) was observed in fresh than stored tissue (P < 0.01). Colony-forming efficiency was higher for fresh (1.42; SD, 0.12) than stored (0.43; SD, 0.15; P < 0.01) cells. For stored tissue only, there was a significant inverse relationship between donor age and total number of cells isolated (R2 = 0.27, P < 0.001).
Storage of corneoscleral discs in organ culture medium leads to significant reduction in limbal epithelial cell number, expression of ΔNp63 and TrkA, and viability compared to fresh tissue. There is a smaller basal stem cell population in stored compared to fresh tissue.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only