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Maiko Inoue, Jesse J. Jung, Chandrakumar Balaratnasingam, Kunal K. Dansingani, Elona Dhrami-Gavazi, Mihoko Suzuki, Talisa E. de Carlo, Abtin Shahlaee, Michael A. Klufas, Adil El Maftouhi, Jay S. Duker, Allen C. Ho, Maddalena Quaranta-El Maftouhi, David Sarraf, K. Bailey Freund, for the COFT-1 Study Group; A Comparison Between Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Fluorescein Angiography for the Imaging of Type 1 Neovascularization. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(9):OCT314-OCT323. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.15-18900.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To determine the sensitivity of the combination of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and structural optical coherence tomography (OCT) for detecting type 1 neovascularization (NV) and to determine significant factors that preclude visualization of type 1 NV using OCTA.
Multicenter, retrospective cohort study of 115 eyes from 100 patients with type 1 NV. A retrospective review of fluorescein (FA), OCT, and OCTA imaging was performed on a consecutive series of eyes with type 1 NV from five institutions. Unmasked graders utilized FA and structural OCT data to determine the diagnosis of type 1 NV. Masked graders evaluated FA data alone, en face OCTA data alone and combined en face OCTA and structural OCT data to determine the presence of type 1 NV. Sensitivity analyses were performed using combined FA and OCT data as the reference standard.
A total of 105 eyes were diagnosed with type 1 NV using the reference. Of these, 90 (85.7%) could be detected using en face OCTA and structural OCT. The sensitivities of FA data alone and en face OCTA data alone for visualizing type 1 NV were the same (66.7%). Significant factors that precluded visualization of NV using en face OCTA included the height of pigment epithelial detachment, low signal strength, and treatment-naïve disease (P < 0.05, respectively).
En face OCTA and structural OCT showed better detection of type 1 NV than either FA alone or en face OCTA alone. Combining en face OCTA and structural OCT information may therefore be a useful way to noninvasively diagnose and monitor the treatment of type 1 NV.
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