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Ye Tao, Tao Chen, Zhong-Yu Liu, Li-Qiang Wang, Wei-Wei Xu, Li-Min Qin, Guang-Hua Peng, Huang Yi-Fei; Topographic Quantification of the Transcorneal Electrical Stimulation (TES)–Induced Protective Effects on N-Methyl-N-Nitrosourea–Treated Retinas. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(11):4614-4624. doi: 10.1167/iovs.16-19305.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To quantify the transcorneal electrical stimulation (TES)–induced effects on regional photoreceptors and visual signal pathway of N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)–treated retinas via topographic measurements.
N-methyl-N-nitrosourea–administered mice received TES or sham stimulations and were subsequently subjected to electroretinography (ERG), multielectrode array (MEA), and histologic and immunohistochemistry examinations. Quantitative reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analyses were also performed to determine the mRNA levels of Bax, Bcl-2, Calpain-2, Caspase-3, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF).
Amplitudes of ERG b-wave in the TES-treated mice were significantly larger than those in the sham controls (P < 0.01). Microelectrode array examination revealed that the photoreceptors in TES-treated retina were efficiently preserved (P < 0.01). Morphologic measurements showed that the central retina region was more consolidated than the other areas in the TES-treated mice. Together with the disproportionate distribution of immunostaining in retinal flat mounts, these findings indicated that different rescuing kinetics existed among regional photoreceptors. Compared with the sham controls, a significantly increased signal-to-noise ratio was also found in the TES-treated mice (TES100: 2.02 ± 1.12; TES200: 4.42 ± 1.51; sham: 0.25 ± 0.13; P < 0.01). Moreover, qRT-PCR measurements suggested that the altered expression of several apoptotic factors and neurotrophic cytokines was correlated with TES-induced protection.
Regional photoreceptors in the MNU-administered retinas exhibit different sensitivities to TES. Transcorneal electrical stimulation is capable of ameliorating MNU-induced photoreceptor degeneration and rectifying abnormalities in the inner visual signal pathways.
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