September 2016
Volume 57, Issue 12
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   September 2016
Probable Central Nervous System Mediated Enhancement of Perimacular Visual Function
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Shannon Leon
    Rosenberg School of Optometry, San Antonio, Texas, United States
  • William Eric Sponsel
    Rosenberg School of Optometry, San Antonio, Texas, United States
  • Sylvia Linner Groth
    University of North Carolina , Chapel Hill , North Carolina, United States
  • Nancy Satsangi
    University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas, United States
  • Ted Maddess
    Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
  • Matthew Aaron Reilly
    University of Texas San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, United States
  • Amy Schnegg
    Rosenberg School of Optometry, San Antonio, Texas, United States
  • Rick Trevino
    Rosenberg School of Optometry, San Antonio, Texas, United States
  • Carolyn Majcher
    Rosenberg School of Optometry, San Antonio, Texas, United States
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Shannon Leon, None; William Sponsel, None; Sylvia Groth, None; Nancy Satsangi, None; Ted Maddess, None; Matthew Reilly, None; Amy Schnegg, None; Rick Trevino, None; Carolyn Majcher, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science September 2016, Vol.57, 3904. doi:
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      Shannon Leon, William Eric Sponsel, Sylvia Linner Groth, Nancy Satsangi, Ted Maddess, Matthew Aaron Reilly, Amy Schnegg, Rick Trevino, Carolyn Majcher; Probable Central Nervous System Mediated Enhancement of Perimacular Visual Function. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(12):3904.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Purpose : The binocular visual field closely approximates to the higher light sensitivity level for each concordant locus of the individual right and left eye fields1,2. This was reaffirmed3 during recent studies that confirmed CNS control of glaucomatous neurodegeneration when analyzing Humphrey (HVF) 30-23,4 and FDT5 visual fields. It was also revealed that binocular fields tend to generate pericentral threshold values greater than either eye alone. The present analysis was performed to determine whether this phenomenon represents a unique compensatory mechanism in diseased eyes or if it generalized to healthy eyes as well.

Methods : This case-control study compares bilateral and binocular perimacular function in patients with severe glaucomatous field loss (N=15) and control subjects with normal visual fields (N=5). HVF 30-2 was performed on right and left eyes monocularly and immediately thereafter binocularly1. Visual fields were divided into six concentric zones with zone 1 representing the central four points, zone 2 the next co-isopteric ring of 8 loci, and so on. Mean threshold values were calculated for the left, right, composite and binocular visual fields. Paired t-tests were then performed for intra-subject zonal comparisons.

Results : Mean unilateral thresholds within zone 1 of the glaucomatous fields were 17.0 dB OD & 19.4 OS (18.2 dB average), 4.9 dB lower than the mean zone 1 binocular threshold (23.1 dB; p=0.0181). Control eyes demonstrated similar binocular enhancement, with mean zone 1 thresholds 32.7 dB OD & 32.6 OS (32.7 average), 2.3 dB lower than the mean binocular threshold (35 dB; p=0.0036). This tendency dissipated with the eccentricity from fixation, with co-isopteric mean values of the two eyes increasingly approximating the binocular mean.

Conclusions : Refined data analysis of binocular visual fields confirms enhancement of pericentral light sensitivity when both eyes are open. This phenomenon arose with the paired-eye/brain complex of all subjects, indicating an apparent role of the CNS in maximizing binocular central vision even when general function is diminished. This phenomenon may be another manifestation of the functionally interlocking spatial arrangement of the ocular dominance columns in the striate cortex5,6.
1. Crabb et al. BJO 1998 2. Nelson-Quigg et al. IOVS 2000 3. Sponsel et al. TVST 2014 4. Sponsel et al. TVST 2015 5. Reilly et al. TVST 2015 6. Adams et al. J Neurosci 2007

This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2016 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Seattle, Wash., May 1-5, 2016.




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