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Rajit Banerjee, Okan Toygar, Brian Toussaint, Brad Genereux, Chris Riemann; Gender and Macular Status in Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment Cases. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(12):1052.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To assess if gender has an effect on macular status in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).
An IRB approved retrospective chart review was performed on 120 subjects that had undergone RRD repair from May-Aug., 2011. Data was extracted from electronic medical records. (Nextgen Healthcare Info. Sys.; Telford, PA). The data acquired for this study included patient demographics, information on retinal detachment procedure, macular status, risk factors, and clinical course. Chi-square analysis was performed based on observed and expected occurrences of macular status and gender for all subjects. In addition to gender and macular status, age, race, and location of operation were also tabulated.
A total of 79 patients were mac-on and 41 patients were mac-off. Among 69 male patients, 24 were mac-off (34.8%) while among 51 female patients, 17 were mac-off (33.33%). The chi-square analysis showed that there were no significant gender differences (p = 0.87) between male and female mac-off patients. There was also a very minor increased risk (1.04) of having a mac off RD for a male presentation (p = 0.87).
This pilot study suggests that the macular status of patients with RRD may not be affected by gender as there was no statistical significant difference. There was also no significant risk associated with presenting with a mac off RD based on the gender of patient presentation. The patient population is limited and should be increased to improve the statistical power of this study.
This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2016 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Seattle, Wash., May 1-5, 2016.
Table 1: Observed occurrences of macular status with respect to gender (p = 0.87).
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