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Brian Madow, Nicholas Sprehe, Sung Lee, Patrick Gore, Stephen Kaufman, Jackie Malling, Veronique Grimes, Mitchell D McCartney; Automated quantitation of the endothelium alterations in Eye Bank processed corneas.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(12):1931.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To design and validate image processing algorithm for automated evaluation of corneal tissue processed at the Eye Bank. The quality control of the corneal tissue supplied to the surgeons for transplantation is of paramount importance. Currently the existing methods are subjective and time consuming. We sought to develop automated image processing application for rapid and objective evaluation of the preprocessed donor cornea disks.
Processed donor cornea disks were stained using a modification of Park et al. (2012). High magnification color photographs were obtained. Images were stored on disk for further evaluation. Image processing algorithms were developed using MathLab software. Each image was preprocessed for brightness and contrast and the image size was equalized for all images. Color channels were extracted for the three main colors and analyzed. Each channel was post processed separately. Multiple runs were performed on several pilot images to determine the desired threshold values. Each image analyzed by the algorithm was evaluated for adequate feature extraction as compared to the original color photograph. The second part of the algorithm aimed to extract the size of the corneal disk by using image segmentation. The size of the disk was expressed in number of pixels. Finally the software automatically calculated the size of the extracted corneal features as a percentage of each cornea.
34 images processed and received from 2 separate Eye Bank facilities were used to design and validate the algorithm. Satisfactory automatic feature extraction of the corneal staining was achieved 100 %. In 5 cases additional image noise due to under- or overexposure was manually filtered outside the area of feature extraction. The algorithm was able to segment the cornea dimensions in 100% of the images. Repeating the process for all images yielded 100% reliability. The total size of the corneal features attributed to corneal alteration varied from 8.53 - 45.83 % with median of 22.46.
Software image algorithm for automated quantitation of the endothelium viability from Eye Bank processed corneas was successfully developed and validated. It yielded 100% extraction rate and reliability. It was found that the noise contained in the images is a function of the photographic process which needs further optimization.
This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2016 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Seattle, Wash., May 1-5, 2016.
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