September 2016
Volume 57, Issue 12
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   September 2016
Time outdoors, light exposure, and refractive error
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Donald O Mutti
    Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Donald Mutti, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  Award Number UL1RR025755 from the National Center for Research Resources, funded by the Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health (OD) and supported by the NIH Roadmap for Medical Research
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science September 2016, Vol.57, No Pagination Specified. doi:
  • Views
  • Share
  • Tools
    • Alerts
      This feature is available to authenticated users only.
      Sign In or Create an Account ×
    • Get Citation

      Donald O Mutti; Time outdoors, light exposure, and refractive error. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(12):No Pagination Specified.

      Download citation file:

      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

  • Supplements

Presentation Description : Recent advances have more sharply defined the specific contributions of environmental risk factors for myopia development. The traditional emphasis on reading and other forms of close work has shifted towards a greater understanding of time outdoors being protective against myopia. Rather than simply not being near work, time outdoors appears to have its own independent effects. Interestingly, the effect of time outdoors appears to be more robust in reducing the risk of onset than in slowing the rate of progression once a child becomes myopic. The presentation will review these effects and the questions yet to be answered: why might time outdoors affect the risk of myopia onset and the rate of progression differently, is the benefit of time outdoors from ultraviolet exposure or brighter visible light, is there a role for retinal dopamine release and intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells, and what is the potential for harnessing these effects toward some therapeutic benefit.

This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2016 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Seattle, Wash., May 1-5, 2016.


This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

Sign in or purchase a subscription to access this content. ×

You must be signed into an individual account to use this feature.