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Aditya A Guru, Pooja Biswas, John Suk, Kameron Kishaba, Inayat Ullah, Muhammad Asif Naeem, Sheikh Riazuddin, S Amer Riazuddin, Radha Ayyagari, J. Fielding Hejtmancik; Identification of a novel frame-shift deletion in the CHM gene in a consanguineous family.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(12):3144.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To determine the underlying cause of retinal degeneration (RD) in a five generation consanguineous pedigree.
A family with four affected males and two consanguineous marriages was recruited from the Punjab province of Pakistan. The family history was collected by interviewing the available members, while the clinical phenotype was established through fundus examination, electroretinography (ERG) and measurement of visual acuity. The exomes were captured using agilentV5+UTR probes and subsequently sequenced on HiSeq2000 genome analyzer. The reads were mapped to human reference sequence hg19 and variants were called using GATK. ExomeSuite was used to filter and prioritize the variants for further analysis. Segregation of candidate variants with the clinical phenotype was tested by Sanger sequencing.
Five unaffected relatives and three affected members of the Pakistani pedigree were recruited for the study. The exomes of two affected males were sequenced that identified 61,932 single nucleotide variants (SNV), and 4,344 indels (insertion/deletions) in the first, and 61,717 SNVs and 4509 indels in the second affected individual, respectively. Filtering the variants with exomeSuite identified 12 novel or rare variants as the possible candidate sequence alterations. Additional filtering based on the predicted impact of the variants identified a two base pair (TA) deletion (c.1693_1694del) in exon 14 of the CHM (Choroideremia) on the X-chromosome. The c.1693_1694del deletion causes a frame-shift mutation (p.Y565fx1) that is likely to result in the formation of a truncated protein lacking 89 C-terminal amino acids. However, as this mutation resides in the penultimate exon of CMH, the mutant transcript may undergo nonsense mediated (NMD) decay. This deletion is observed to segregate with the RD phenotype in this family.
A novel two base pair deletion (c.1693_1694del) in exon 14 of CHM segregates with an X-linked retinal degeneration in the PKRD168 pedigree. Two female members of this family were identified as carriers of the causative mutation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report identifying a potentially pathogenic deletion in CHM in a family of Pakistani descent.
This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2016 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Seattle, Wash., May 1-5, 2016.
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