September 2016
Volume 57, Issue 12
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   September 2016
Gender and race differences in IOP and aqueous humor dynamics
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Carol B Toris
    Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States
    University of Nebraska Medical Center, Ophthalmology, Omaha, Nebraska, United States
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Carol Toris, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science September 2016, Vol.57, No Pagination Specified. doi:
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      Carol B Toris; Gender and race differences in IOP and aqueous humor dynamics. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(12):No Pagination Specified. doi:

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Presentation Description : Not only does age affect aqueous humor dynamics and intraocular pressure (IOP), we are learning that gender and race also are contributing factors. People with different ethnic backgrounds have different propensity to suffer from glaucoma in part because of differences in biometric properties of the eye and patterns of IOP. People of African descent (AD) have a greater risk of primary open angle glaucoma than people of European descent (ED). Treatments for AD are less effective than the same treatment in ED and the glaucoma progresses more rapidly in AD despite seemingly effective treatments. Chinese and other East Asians have increased risk of narrow angle glaucoma than ED and AD. Carefully considering IOP and aqueous humor dynamics in people of different ethnic backgrounds may lead to individualized treatments for elevated IOP.

This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2016 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Seattle, Wash., May 1-5, 2016.


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