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Maria Soledad Ormaechea, Mariana Ingolotti, Juan Pablo Fernandez, Matias Portela, Cristobal A Couto, Anahi Lupinacci, Mario J Saravia, Bernardo Ariel Schlaen; Clinical features and Seasonal Variation of Herpetic anterior uveitis in an Argentine Tertiary University Hospital. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(12):4499.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To describe clinical features of herpetic anterior uveitis in patients managed and followed in an Argentine Tertiary University Hospital.
This a retrospective, observational, single center study. Patients with diagnosis of herpetic anterior uveitis admitted in Hospital Universitario Austral between 1 June 2009 and 30 september 2015 were included in this study. Recorded data included, age, sex, time of follow up, date of the active episodes, number of recurrences, signs and symptoms at the beginning of the inflammatory episode, complications, final best corrected visual acuity, medical treatment, and surgical treatment of complications.
Forty nine patients were included (23 women, and 26 men). Mean age was of 53.9 ± 20.71 years (range 12 – 94 years). Median time of follow up was 3 months (range: 0 to 78 months). Incidence density of recurrences was 84.34% per person-year. The highest number of recurrences occurred in the second trimester (OR: 6.517) and in the fourth trimester (OR: 3.857) compared with the first. Final best corrected visual acuity of 20/60 or less was significantly associated with the development of glaucoma (Fisher exact test, p < 0.0001).
Herpetic anterior uveitis recurs in a high frequency. Glaucoma is associated in this ailment with a worse visual acuity. In an Argentine Tertiary University Hospital, the occurrence of the inflammatory episodes of herpetic anterior uveitis is more frequent during the second and fourth trimester of the year (autumn and spring).
This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2016 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Seattle, Wash., May 1-5, 2016.
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